Aspberger Syndrome Essay

3097 WordsNov 22, 201313 Pages
Introduction Asperger Syndrome (AS) is an autism spectrum disorder (ASD), which are characterized by impairment in language and communication skills, in addition to restrictive or repetitive thought and behavior patterns. Some signs of AS also include repetitive routines and rituals, peculiarities in speech including speaking in monotone, or taking figures of speech literally. Problems with nonverbal communication, such as limited or inappropriate facial expression and restricted use of gestures, may also present themselves in children affected by AS (National Institute Neurological Disorders and Stroke [NINDS], 2007) Asperger syndrome is named after the Austrian pediatrician Hans Asperger. In 1944 Dr. Asperger observed four children with social integration problems. Though the children were of normal intelligence, they lacked nonverbal communication skills, were physically clumsy, and did not demonstrate empathy for their peers. Dr. Asperger called this condition “Autistic psychopathy”, and described it as a personality disorder marked by social isolation. Dr Asperger's work did not become widely known until 1981 when Dr. Lorna Wing, an English doctor, published a series of studies of children showing similar symptoms, which she called Asperger Syndrome (Baron-Cohen & Klin, 2006). In 1992 AS was added to the tenth editions of the World Health Organization's Diagnostic Manual, and in 1994 was included in the fourth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Though it is now standardized as a diagnosis, some questions still remain about aspects of the disorder. There is doubt about whether AS is distinct from high-functioning autism, and partly because of this its prevalence is not firmly established. It has been proposed that the diagnosis of AS be eliminated and replaced by a diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder on a severity

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