UNIT 4222-609 OUTCOME 1 1.1 Identify the legislation which relates to substance use and describe the difference between legal and illegal drugs The Misuse of Drugs Act 1971 This act is intended to prevent the non-medical use of certain drugs. For this reason it controls not just medicinal drugs (which will also be in the Medicines Act) but also drugs with no current medical uses. Offences under this Act overwhelmingly involve the general public, and even when the same drug and a similar offence are involved, penalties are far tougher. Drugs subject to this Act are known as 'controlled' drugs. The law defines a series of offences, including unlawful supply, intent to supply, import or export (all these are collectively known as 'trafficking' offences), and unlawful production.
Offences under this Act overwhelmingly involve the general public, and even when the same drug and a similar offence are involved, penalties are far tougher. Drugs subject to this Act are known as 'controlled' drugs. The law defines a series of offences, including unlawful supply, intent to supply, import or export (all these are collectively known as 'trafficking' offences), and unlawful production. The main difference from the Medicines Act is that the Misuse of Drugs Act also prohibits unlawful possession. To enforce this law the police have the special powers to stop, detain and search people on 'reasonable suspicion' that they are in possession of a controlled drug.
* Substance-related disorders: when an individual consumes a substance (drugs, alcohol) in amounts which are harmful to themselves or others. * Eating disorders: abnormal eating habits that may involve either insufficient or excessive food intake to the detriment of an individual's physical and mental health * Cognitive disorders: primarily affects learning, memory, perception, and problem solving, for example, amnesia and dementia. 2.2 - explain the key strengths and limitations of the psychiatric classification system * Strengths: · It allows for consistent diagnoses and treatments · Disorders are arranged, organised and described in a particular manner and order. It provides a common language for therapists, doctors, and health care workers worldwide. This aids diagnosis, selection
The term drug has a very broad definition but for the purpose of understanding the social problems drugs evoke it will be referred to as any substance that can affect a person physically, or psychologically, has the potential to be misused and can be harmful to the user or society. This definition covers both legal drugs such as alcohol and tobacco and illegal drugs such as marijuana and cocaine. Alcohol abuse in particular is a very serious social problem for which its severity is often overlooked when compared or categorized with illegal and/or more addicting drugs such as marijuana and cocaine. However the prevalence of alcohol use is apparent throughout the United States with average adults consuming nearly 22 gallons of beer, 2 gallons of wine and 1.5 gallons of liquor a year. According to the National Longitudinal Alcohol Epidemiological survey, 7.5 percent of adult Americans suffer from alcoholism or alcohol dependence.
* The Misuse of Drugs Act 1971 and Amendments 1985, 2001 This controls dangerous or otherwise harmful drugs designated as Controlled drugs. (CD) The main purpose of this act is to prevent the misuse of controlled drugs. Some CD’s are prescribed drugs used to treat severe pain. Some people abuse them by taking them when there is no clinical reason. The purpose of the legislation
Outcome 1 Understand about different substances, their effects and how they might be used The learner can: 1. identify the different substances which individuals might use, how they are used and their likely effects There are many different substances that are misused within society, below are the key ones and how they are consumed and what the common effects are: Alcohol – almost always consumed orally however I have seen reports of it being injected or even consumed through the anus to avoid the smell on one's breath. Effects: distorted perception, chaotic and unpredictable behaviour, uninhibited, at high risk of physical harm, reduced motor neuron skills. Opiates – Opiates come in a variety of different forms and therefore consumption can occur via a variety of different ways. Most commonly opiates are injected intravenously, Smoked using foil or in a joint, orally via liquid form or pill form. – Effects: lower heart rate, shallow breathing, stoned feeling, gouging, low blood sugar level, extreme relaxation.
It is the process by which one appraises and copes with environmental threats and challenges. The events of life flow through a psychological filter. How one appraises an event influences how much stress he experiences and how effectively he responds. (Myers, 2008, p. 435). Signs of stress might include lack of sleep, decreased immunity, high blood pressure, headache, back pain, heart palpitations, increased smoking, and abuse of drugs or alcohol, anxiety, sadness, and depression.
Alcohol Crisis Intervention BSHS/471 Alcohol Crisis Intervention Alcohol dependency can play a huge role when it comes to dealing with certain situations. A person who is depressed may turn to alcohol to alleviate these problems. Alcohol has a negative effect on relationships, mental, physical, and emotional states. The users who depend on alcohol to suppress these emotions and issues put him or her in harms way. Alcohol can be physically damaging for many aspects of the body including important organs such as the liver and pancreas.
Keywords: Adolescence –Substance abuse-Family-Peers-School. Drugs, is any chemical substance or natural origin that changes in the way humans perceive their environment. They are divided into broad categories, depending on their action in the Central Nervous System: The sedatives, stimulants and hallucinogens. Many drugs, however, are used occasionally for therapeutic purposes. We will be concerned with what nowadays is often abused.
The medical irresponsibility of allowing teenagers to drink alcohol on a legal basis is also obvious to those who have basic knowledge. Consuming alcohol on a regular basis can negatively affect the development of an individual’s brain’s frontal lobes, which are responsible for emotional regulations, as well as planning and organizing. Underage individuals who consume alcohol put themselves at more risks of addiction, decreased ability of decision-making, tend to behave less responsibly, and may become violent, depressed, and even prone to suicide. The so called “trickle-down effect”, well known to sociologists, is another reason against lowering drinking age which should be taken into consideration. This effect implies to individuals who already have a right to purchase alcohol and consume alcohol, while also tend to buy it for their younger