Artist Essay

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Giuseppe Domenico Scarlatti (26 October 1685 – 23 July 1757) -> was an Italian composer who spent much of his life in the service of thePortuguese and Spanish royal families. He is classified as a Baroque composer chronologically, although his music was influential in the development of the Classical style. Like his renowned father Alessandro Scarlatti . -> he composed in a variety of musical forms, although today he is known mainly for his 555 keyboard sonatas. Christoph Willibald Ritter von Gluck (2 July 1714 – 15 November 1787) ->was an opera composer of the early classical period. After many years at theHabsburg court at Vienna, Gluck brought about the practical reform of opera's dramaturgical practices that many intellectuals had been campaigning for over the years. With a series of radical new works in the 1760s, among them Orfeo ed Euridice and Alceste, he broke the stranglehold thatMetastasian opera seria had enjoyed for much of the century. -> He wrote eight operas for the Parisian stages. One of the last of these, Iphigénie en Tauride, was a great success and is generally acknowledged to be his finest work. Niccolò Jommelli (Italian pronunciation: [nikkoˈlɔ jomˈmɛlli]; 10 September 1714 – 25 August 1774) -> was a Neapolitan composer. He was born in Aversaand died in Naples. His first opera, the comedy L'errore amoroso, was presented, with great success, under the protection of the Marquis del Vasto, Giovanni Battista d'Avalos, the winter of 1737 in the Teatro Nuovo of Naples. It was followed in the next year by a second comic opera, Odoardo, in the Teatro dei Fiorentini. His first serious opera Ricimero rè de' Goti, presented in the Roman Teatro Argentina in January 1740, brought him to the attention and then the protection of the Duke of York, Henry Benedict. -> he made

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