Article Review

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29 January 2012 Article Review A Review of “The Contribution of Dietary Factors to Dental Caries and Disparities in Caries” In “The Contribution of Dietary Factors to Dental Caries and Disparities in Caries,” Doctors Mobley, Marshall, Milgrom, and Coldwell (2009) studied the statistics on the rates of dental caries (cavities) among children across America by comparing two national surveys. The results of the second survey showed that early childhood caries (ECC) increased two percent over a ten year period in children aged two to eleven and increased four percent in children aged two to five years. In this article, they emphasize the fact that racial minorities and poverty-stricken children were at a greater risk of having dental cavities and becoming obese because of excessive sugar intake, poor nutrition, demographics and other factors found in the study. They continue by expressing and defining the major concern of malnutrition among these certain populations and the role that poor nutrition plays in the health of children everywhere. Increased consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages, candy, chips, and cookies provides excessive calories to the child, increases the risk of caries, and when combined with inadequate intake of fruits and vegetables, deprives the child of nutrients essential to growth and development (Mobley, Marshall, Milgrom, Coldwell, 2009, p. 411). Government food assistance programs and influences on dietary decisions are also discussed. A model is used to identify the roles of the established government food assistance programs in correlation with the global environment, social environment, and individual environment. However, “little is known about the quality of these programs and what impact they may have on oral health disparities related to diet” (Mobley, Marshall, Milgrom, Coldwell, 2009, p. 411). Peoples’ dietary choices are

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