Art Therapy as an Independent Discipline, as Well as an Auxiliary Techniques in Psychotherapy.

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Art Therapy as an independent discipline, as well as an auxiliary techniques in psychotherapy. Ulman (2011) writes “there are those who claim that Art Therapy can be an independent as well as an auxiliary techniques in psychotherapy, a claim made, as far as I know, for no other activity therapy”. Art therapy has its roots in psychotherapy. As it progressed it turned into a specialty of its own. While art therapy can be used as complementary means to uncovering the unconscious, as a discipline, it has its distinct differences from psychotherapy. In 1960s, occupational therapy departments started incorporating the use of art as a healing method. As Judith A. Rubin (2010) suggests at that time occupational therapy mostly used psychodynamic approach and so the exploration of expression and repression through art seemed appropriate. Presently occupational therapy is not focused on using arts and crafts as an auxiliary tool nearly as much; it also has moved away from psychodynamics. Back in those days many art therapists started off through occupational therapy. The focus was rather recreational, it was merely meant to create an activity that utilizes time in a positive way. Since than the focus of art in therapy has shifted considerably; there is more emphasis on the psychological approach, on the patient and the creative process involved. As Judith A. Rubin (2010) mentions, “Art therapy is more similar to other psychotherapeutic approaches that use art materials than to its activity therapy relatives.” (pg.40) So what are the main differences and similarities? Not only occupational therapists incorporated art in their work. Before art therapy has existed as a profession psychodynamic therapists also used art to assess their patients. Psychotherapy is focused on talking through the emotional issues. The guidance and analysis are mainly based on verbal
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