Art History: Teotihuacan

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Teotihuacan’s Continuing Influence on the Aztec Teotihuacan was one of the most remarkable Mesoamerican cultures that arose by AD 150. Although the fall of Teotihuacan came around AD 650, its unprecedented civilization which was one of prestige and great significance did not go unnoticed by later cultures. The influence of this prodigious city stretched from Northern Mexico to Central America, inspiring countless Mesoamerican civilizations and cultures for centuries. Perhaps what was the most impressive aspect of this ancient city was the grid format that was determined by two axes that were linked to the position of the sun and the stars. The grid informed all positioning of the numerous pyramids, temples, plazas, and ritual walkways that surrounded the central core of the city. The impressive size of these buildings stand as demonstrations of power, greatness, and order. Ritualistic buildings and objects found in these pyramids and temples revered the importance of the divine and supernatural world through various scenes and depictions of rituals and the royals who carried them out, ultimately displaying their significance on Teotihuacan’s culture. When the Aztecs, a Mesoamerican culture that arose in the 14th century, came across the ruins of Teotihuacan, they were so profoundly impressed that they believed only the gods could have created a city so astounding. The Aztec utilized not only the advanced architectural strategies of Teotihuacan for their own uses, but they also adopted the styles shown in the creative productions of Teotihuacan such as ceramics, sculptures, and murals. One Teotihuacan deity that truly stood out to the Aztec was the male god who presided over water and violent weather. This god, known as the Storm God, was of great importance to Teotihuacan religion and is commonly depicted in various works of Teotihuacan art. To the Teotihuacan,

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