Dramatic devices such as Hamartia, Perpetua, tragic hero, and nemesis support this assertion. In the play Macbeth, Shakespeare incorporates several literal devices, to be specific the dramatic devices. The dramatic devices in the play were used so as to provide a justification that is conventional for the assertion that the play is fully a manifestation of human greed and ambition, and the negative implications affiliated with these vices. Among the dramatic devices used is the dramatic device is Aristotle Harmatia (Kerrigan & William 134) Harmatia in Greek means to miss a mark or rather miss the target and is a device that was mostly coined in Greek movie theaters. In the play the dramatic device is used in the depiction the mistakes that were largely flawless of an individual that at the end of it all ends up resulting in the immediate downfall of the noble man.
With close reference to Shakespeare's use of dramatic methods show how he presents Lear's behaviour in the first act of the play. To what extent do you think Lear represents a tragic hero in this act? Shakespeare uses a variety of dramatic methods in the first act to present Lear as a tragic hero. Shakespeare tragedy is closely linked to Aristotle's classical precept of tragedy. The protagonist must be an admirable but flawed character that the audience must be able to sympathise with.
Coming to the definition of it, tragedy is a literary piece of work, usually written to be performed on stage, in which tragic hero withstands a good deal of misfortune. That misfortune is not happening by chance and it has a reason, usually in characters actions and rarely by god's intervention. That means that tragic action arouses as a result of characters deeds – the character himself has a choice, and his decision affects his future and causes any further acts. One of the tragedy theoreticians, Aristotle, wrote in his book Poetics that “the structure of the best tragedy should be not simple but complex and one that represents incidents arousing fear and pity – for that is peculiar to this form of art.” Aristotle gave one of the main limitations to the tragedy in general. He stated that if a tragic event is triggered by a mystifying cause, than it is only a misfortune.
According to Aristotle’s theory of tragedy and the most confirmed definition of the central character, Oedipus from the Greek play, Oedipus Rex, is considered of a classical model of the tragic hero. Oedipus, being the tragic hero of the play, must demonstrate an essential element to arouse emotions of pity and fear within the audience to achieve the emotional catharsis or purgation. With that being noted, Oedipus had to have some features and characteristics to ensure the state of purgation throughout the audience. In fact, Oedipus as a character in the play has all the features of the tragic hero Aristotle has concluded about. Firstly, for the reader to understand why Oedipus in the Greek play, Oedipus Rex is a classical example of tragic hero, one must know the theory.
Oedipus Rex: Oedipus vs. Jocasta Date: 17/07/2011 In the play Oedipus Rex, Sophocles uses a variation of situations to show the theme tragedy and how it relates to each character. The characters Jocasta and Oedipus are both characters of tragedy, but individually they deal with different levels of tragic elements. Oedipus, the main character of the play, portrays numerous elements of tragedy which lead him to his down fall. In comparison to Jocasta, Oedipus shows a lot more of these elements; hubris, hamartia, retribution and catharsis. In his play Oedipus, Sophocles proves, through the flaws and actions of Oedipus and Jocasta that no human can alter their fate and that man’s tragedy is formulated by several conscious acts.
This is the part of the definition that is descried as “in language enhanced by distinct and varying beauties”. The tragedy must also be dramatized and not a narrative. The story needs to be dramatic in nature, where all parts are being acted out. In a tragedy the play should have the audience feeling pity or fear for the tragic hero. As the play moves along the pity and/or fear should build.
An exploration of the presentation of the tragic hero in Dr Faustus using Othello As a comparative piece A tragic hero is defined as a literary character that makes an error of judgement or has a fatal flaw. Greek philosopher Aristotle once claimed that ‘a man cannot become a hero until he sees the roots of his own downfall’. In the play ‘Dr Faustus’ written by Christopher Marlowe, the lead character displays these characteristics in his quest to satisfy his craving of Godly knowledge. Encountering great power and evil along the way it is in the indecisiveness and subsequent determination of Faustus that one can see his devastating downfall. This recurring theme of the battle between good and evil is not dissimilar to that seen in Shakespeare’s ‘Othello’, although this Elizabethan drama highlights the deceptive evil that is common in human nature, even under the persona of those considered allies.
But in order to understand the elements that make Macbeth, it is important to analyse the concepts of tragedy. The classical definition of tragedy comes from Aristotle, who states that tragedy is a representation of reality through a complete story. It does not rely in narrative, but in dramatic form and it raises the emotions of fear and pity, promoting a catharsis of them (ARISTOTLE; ACKRILL, 1987, p. 543-544). Additionally, he talks about the tragic hero, a great man who experiences change through misfortune. Aristotle’s theory is suitable to the plays available to him at his time, but it is not enough to embrace all “types of serious plots ending in a catastrophe” that
Aristotle’s play “Oedipus the King” centers on King Oedipus, a tragic hero according to Aristotle’s definition. When defining the tragic hero, Aristotle lists several conditions including: the hero is of noble stature, the hero’s punishment isn’t completely his/her fault, and the hero usually becomes wiser after his/her fall occurs. The story of Oedipus would certainly satisfy all of these conditions. The most important condition however, is that the hero, while not always fully responsible for the misfortunes that befall him/her, usually have a character flaw that is partly responsible for their downfall. Aristotle refers to this as “hamartia,” which is translated to “tragic flaw.” This begs the question: What is Oedipus’s tragic flaw?
The story of Oedipus Rex, written by Sophocles, is very different and more complex. He uses dramatic irony and close comparison to make the audience think and to try to figure out the meanings behind the words. By closely analyzing the plays of hippolytus and Oedipus Rex one can see that Oedipus Rex is the better of the these two Greek tragedies. The plot is the most important aspect of the tragedy. Aristotle tells us that a plot is a representation of an action and must be presented as a unified whole.