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Aristotle vs. Plato Essay

  • Submitted by: vixenem
  • on October 15, 2008
  • Category: Shakespeare
  • Length: 1,771 words

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Below is an essay on "Aristotle vs. Plato" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples.

This paper will argue Plato and Aristotle's beliefs on the theory of Moral Education which is how we learn to become good, moral, virtuous people. It will defend Aristotle’s theory of Habit which basically states that things are learned through habit and practice vs. Plato’s theory of recollection which states that all knowledge that has ever been known and will ever be known is already preexistent in our memory. Aristotle’s theory of habit can be supported best because he believes that what we need in order to be mentally and physically well is the proper appreciation of the goods of life such as virtue, friendship, wealth, happiness etc. Yet in order to acquire and understand those goods, it is required that we are shown how to by the way we are raised, our habits and most of all through practice.
Plato's theory of recollection also known as the anamnesis states that knowledge is previously known before birth and will always be known, opposed to being taught and learned. He was a philosopher that went much by the Socratic way of thinking and expressed it in one of his writings called the Meno which was a dialogue in which Socrates proves how an uneducated slave understands the concept of geometric problems. The Meno attempts to define virtue which is also known as the Arête, that in this case is virtue in general rather than a particular view. The Meno brings up many discussions, questions and many different aspects such as how will you look for virtue? Especially when you are not aware of what is it. “I am not saying that it is wrong to say that virtue is teachable if it is knowledge, but look whether it is reasonable of me to doubt whether it is knowledge" (PL 89D). It was a serious problem of how to explain the lack of input. Socrates begun by claiming that the soul is immortal and that it doesn't get destroyed when the human body dies. By this he meant that when a person was reborn with the same soul, it did not learn anything. On the contrary, it...

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