Arguments Essay

288 WordsFeb 6, 20132 Pages
I. TYPES OF ARGUMENTS A. OBJECTIVE REPORTING: The author describes, explains, or reports facts. The author's opinions are deliberately omitted. WARNING: watch out for HIDDEN ARGUMENTS: The author is ostensibly objective but in reality favors one position and is using carefully "stacked" evidence, emotional language, vivid descriptions, and emotional examples to sway the reader. UNCONSCIOUS ARGUMENTS: The author attempts to be objective but is unconsciously influenced by strong personal opinions. Without realizing he/she is doing it, the author uses "stacked" evidence, emotional language, well-known authorities, and emotional pictures which sway the reader to one side. B. EXPLORATORY (Multiple Perspective Argument): The author carefully explains all the major positions on a controversial issue but does not favor one particular position. C. SINGLE PERSPECTIVE: the author openly takes a position and seeks to change the reader's mind. Point of view and purpose are clearly expressed along with reasons and supporting details. EXTREMIST ARGUMENT: the author uses strong values and emotional language to appeal to a narrow audience who already shares his/her views and to inspire them to take action. II. FORMS ARGUMENT MAY TAKE: A. DEBATE: participants on both sides are trying to "win."(Presidential debates) B. COURTROOM ARGUMENT: lawyers pleading before a judge and jury. (Someone accused of a crime) C. DIALOGUE: people discussing opposing views and finally resolving the conflict. (Classroom discussion, committee meetings) D. SINGLE PERSPECTIVE: one person arguing to convince a mass audience. (Political candidate) E. ONE-ON-ONE: one person trying to convince another. (Husband/wife, parent/child). F. ACADEMIC INQUIRY: one or more people examining a complicated issue. (Cancer research) G. NEGOTIATION: two or more people working to reach

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