Most people who worked in the factories lived in the factories which had little living space, lack of proper ventilation and lack of proper hygiene (Wikipedia). Due to the poor living conditions and overcrowding people were subject to health issues and death related from communicable diseases. Along with the poor living conditions, hunger and malnutrition were common during this time. Labor laws did not exist. Workers worked long hours without breaks and children were also subjected to these cruel working conditions as they were often put to work alongside their parents.
It is important to think about the factors to which the workers were subject to under both the Tsars and the Communists. The conditions of the working class, their economic stance, political right and repression are all aspects that need to be considered in order to determine where the workers suffered most. Socially, the workers suffered bad working and living conditions under the communists. Living space by 1935 decreased from 8.5m² in 1905 to 5.8m² per person. The worker’s eating habits also became considerably worse, eating a fifth of the total amount of meat eaten in 1905.
Families moved from rural areas to the newly industrialized cities to find work. Once there, things were not as great as they dreamed they would be. In order to survive, families had to have everyone in the household working. This led to the epidemic of child labor with children, as young as six years old, working in harsh conditions for long hours in factories or coal mines (Dunlop, 1912). Young children could be hired to do the same jobs as adults for much less pay and could often fit into places adults couldn't.
3. Social Security pensions are financed by voluntary contributions by workers. 4. The gross replacement rate measures the ratio of taxes paid per year by workers to their annual Social Security pension when they retire. 5.
Since the serf population had gotten ridiculously low, plantation owners were forced to start paying workers to tend the farms. (Gottfreid, pg. 55) The same effect was applied to factories, and the wages rose in attempt to get more workers. The poor were moving into deserted houses, and many began to live better. On farms that had become vacant, peasants took ownership and started making more money.
The conditions in the workhouses were poor. This law differed from the systems established after 1601 as the responsibility was moved from each local community to a large parish. The main difference was that the relief of the poor was changed from a local responsibility into a group one. Groups of parishes were consolidated into Poor Law Unions so removing the local community responsibility www.mdlp.co.uk. The law brought positive changes to the country encouraging more people to seek employment, “working people developed their own self-help movement”.
The women who was at their last resort was to send their children away to work and earn a small pay to buy food. The Great Depression in Canada was definitely a struggle for individuals; it also had a great impact on the family unit. Men, women, and children all struggled to survive and meet their basic daily needs. The Depression profoundly affected the family unit. Children found themselves in orphanages, working for a small pay, on their family farms and out of school.
Workers were paid low wages, were forced to perform in unsafe working conditions, and lack of job security caused the workers to form unions. Workers began an effective sit-down strike at factories which prevented the employers from hiring other people to replace the workers. The women organized a first aid station, child care, and collected money and food to aid the strikers and their families. Laborers united across the country and organized strikes against other business. In 1935, Congress passed the National Labor Relations Act (hereinafter referred to as
DBQ essay In the historical past of the labor movement in the 1800s, the Untied States of America had reached the second industrial revolution. In its occurrence, labor movements had many factors which affected the company and laborers themselves. Laborers were strongly determined to the union; they accepted any measures from the government or their factory owners. And the government itself was willing to use any measure, such as killing, to those did not cooperate and help maintain peace in their factories. Laborers were all tired from being treated like slaves and work under unbearable conditions.
Working in the Health and Social Care industry I think the most important thing is the service users and our health and social care workers and their happiness. The more I reflect and enhance my own knowledge the more effective the learning and training will be. We also have to take responsibility for our own behaviour on people that we manage and train and encourage them to show positive behaviour too. 1.2 – Analyse potential barriers to professional development There are a number of barriers within my role. Once the barriers have been identified I should look to overcome these.