He does convince me that there is an issue with us assuming things for the nonhumans because we do not know what they want. In order for us to have the luxuries we have today, for example, make-up and shampoo they needed to be tested before the products were official and ready for use. Singer cites two experiments and they are not very nice when they experiment on the animals. He
We can not depend on the results of animal testing. Because animals and humans are different, the results of the animal tests might not apply to us. Just because one species reacts to a given drug or chemical in a particular way doesn't necessarily mean another species will respond the same way. Furthermore, animals kept in unnatural conditions, or animals in pain or distress, are not going to give consistent or accurate results anyway. One scholar mentions, “It is a flawed practice that has resulted in the needless suffering and deaths of millions of animals" (Festing 1).
However, animal testing in the medical field is acceptable in extreme cases only such as, exploring cures for deadly diseases such as AIDs. Cancer, and others. Finally, this dissertation will show the control the public has over the use of animal testing in the cosmetics field, and how they are capable of stopping it, but they are doing nothing to achieve this (U.S. Poll, 2012). The Unjustifiable Torture of the Innocent Animal testing ethical issue, nowadays, is disregarded massively since we are merely concerned with our daily issues and complications that we don’t have enough time to take a closer look at this matter.
However, carrying out research on animals means that important theories can be tested that would otherwise be too wrong to test on humans. As shown by Skinner’s research on operant conditioning that involved pigeons locked in cages and first starved. Another weakness is that because behaviourists believe all behaviour is learnt, sometimes behavioural therapies for disorders cannot actually cure someone, only remove certain behaviours caused by the disorder. For example if someone was suffering from depression, a big part of depression is how the person thinks but the behaviourist perspective may not be able to change the way someone thinks because it ignores cognitive processes; meaning the
Admittedly, perhaps during the time of Descartes, the thought of animals having emotions was preposterous but given today’s notion of treating animals as if they were human, the idea of animal emotions does raise an argument against Descartes. Moreover, animals in modern psychological studies are under strict guidance as to their care and use in experimental studies. If animals were simply unreasoning machines, modern psychology would not have developed the American Psychological Association’s
Vivi-section violates animal freedom. And since animals cannot volunteer themselves, they are chosen for scientific purposes with no voice in the matter whatsoever. If us humans go swimming we have to sign waivers but these poor animals are being signed up for torture, which will lead to their inevitable death with no say in the matter. Vivi-section is used for scientific purposes, for finding cures that benefit the human population, sure a few animals will be saved using these cures but in the end it’s the human population that benefits more from the deaths of these helpless animals.
I was surprised by how orderly everything looked. I saw much less pain and suffering than I was expecting. “ a. Background information/ Connection- Animal experimentation is experiments and development projects that use animals to determine efficiency, toxicity, and dosing of drugs before they are used on humans in clinical trials. Some people say these experiments are cruel, and animals should not be used.
Should animal testing be illegal? Rough Draft Sharniece Thornton Unites States Government November 17, 2011 Introduction: Throughout history, animal testing has played an important role in leading to new discoveries and human benefit. Many people are believed to be ignorant or misunderstand the nature of the lives that animals actually live, and are unable to understand the actual laboratory procedures and techniques. Other than the philosophical questions that arise, ethical questions are the main reason why many animal right activists want it banned in every country. Activists feel that to this day, there should be no good reason why any living thing should be subjected to this cruel punishment and unwanted torture just for serving another being’s needs.
Animal Experimentation: Animal testing is Cruel and Unethical Animal Experimentation: Animal testing is Cruel and Unethical Causing pain and suffering to animals is a very cruel, inhumane, and unethical. Although animal experimentation is an inhumane and an unethical act, professionals believe this act can helps find cures for illnesses and disease in humans. Overtime scientists have discovered similarities in animals and humans. Therefore animals are now enduring pain and suffering in order to find comfort and cures for humans’. Tests are administered in cruel and brutal ways just for the possibility of a cure.
Strength / Weakness - research that is in the form of naturally occurring phenomena (Roberts and Lamb) has good ecological validity but is not scientific or replicable as variables were not highly controlled and because it is not artificial. It would also be unethical to test eye witness testimony when a real sensitive subject is being discussed. Strength / Weakness - the results could be due to a number of factors such as: young people may be more used to memory tests or older adults have poorer health leading to memory impairment. Weakness - the research findings are inconclusive. Weakness - the factors given by researchers, such as the ones stated, are only assumptions with no scientific evidence.