the application of science to fulfill a need or address a problem * How are technology and science related? How are they different? related by helping scientists make discoveries, technology fulfills needs and addresses problems. technology is an application of science Nature of Science topic * Define each of the following terms: * hypothesis an educated guess * theory well supported, well accepted explanation for a broad range of observations * law well-supported description of the behavior of the natural world * fact a phenomena about which competent observers agree * What is the difference between a scientific theory and a scientific law? law describes, theory explains * What is the difference between a scientific theory and a scientific hypothesis?
Another important aspect of research is the process of scientific theory construction and testing. Scientific theory construction and testing is an intricate and important part of psychology research. The first step is to propose a theory, which is a set of interrelated ideas that explain a set of observations (Shaughnessy, Zechmeister, & Zechmeister,
It must also be accepted by the scientific community. 3. What document offers an alternative to the Frye standard that some courts believe espouses a more flexible standard for admitting scientific evidence? The document would be The Daubert Case. It must be scientifically tested by the peers and the peers must also review it.
Who, the history of important people related to the scientific inquiry. By asking questions we determine what is trying to be discovered or observed. The questions are the foundation and catalyst of scientific inquiry. b. Planning and Carrying Out Investigations: planning is creating a “road map” to be able to answer the questions that were posed at the beginning of the scientific inquiry.
There is an ongoing debate on whether or not sociology is a science; science is defined as a systematic knowledge of the physical or material work gained through observation and experimentation. Natural sciences have few key aims – the principal aim is to base laws and theories on objective facts that are obtained through investigation of observable phenomena. This involves using statistical techniques to test the relationship between variables, objectivity is very important in science where research and knowledge are free from bias. Positivists believe that what goes on in reality is not random or by chance, but patterned and it is science's job to observe and record these patterns in a system to be able to explain them. Compte argues that sociology should be based on the methodology of the natural sciences and that it would result in 'invariable laws' within society.
Christian Worldview Paper 1 Tracey L. Maye Liberty University Christian Worldview Paper 1 Science is a rational quest that consists of not only observations and data collection but to also analyze data and use it to comprehend the world we live in. Scientific methods are successions of steps that assist in obtaining and studying the data, to seek truth and incorporate our knowledge. It is a technique for experimentation, implemented to examine observations that provide answers for scientific questions. In modest terms, it is a procedure that encompasses questioning and responding to scientific questions through interpretive experiments. Therefore, it supports a focus for fair science project questions, hypothesis, and designs that perform and assess the experiment.
Ethical issues: ethical concerns relate to the right of participants in research. An appropriate methodology is required when conducting research to endure those results and any conclusions drawn are: * Reliable * Valid * Authentic Authenticity – Research aims to add new knowledge and understanding either by: * Generating new data. * Interpreting or applying existing knowledge in a new way. Research is based on the principle that the researcher is a natural observer of a phenomenon and does not distort or alter the observations made of the natural world. Validity – validity depends on what the claims are made about a piece of research and how well the claims are supported by the evidence or result from the research.
With that being said, all experimental designs that are gauged as being truthful, must have a hypothesis statement at its core structure. And this should be the main focus of the experiment. Hypotheses can be obtained by a number of ways where certain observations lead to the formation of a theory. In a nutshell, hypotheses are research problems that are usually the result coming from a question or questions that are asked about a particular subject or topic. Furthermore, hypotheses must be testable by means of using if statements to make a point.
The statements of the explanans must be true. All four conditions when met are individually necessary and justifiably sufficient to be considered scientific explanations so D-N explanations are scientific explanations. All D-N explanations are arguments that demonstrate that if the explanans are available prior to the conclusion it is possible to predict the conclusion. So it can be said that every D-N explanation can potentially predict an event. Immediately, based in this information the D-N model suffers from a problem because condition number 2 states D-N explanations require adherence to a general law but predictions can also be made based on correlations.
I want to start out this paper by first defining and explaining individually what science and pseudoscience are. Next, I would like to compare them and explain how they relate to an everyday life situation. I find it interesting that both, science and pseudoscience are important to the average human being and play a big role in their lives. Science is the intellectual and practical activity encompassing the systematic study of the structure and behavior of the physical and natural. Or in other words, it is an activity that can “prove” through a test of experiments something to be true or not.