As one of the most acclaimed philosophers in history, Aristotle felt as though everything exists for a reason, with a hierarchy of existence, as the less rational should serve the more rational. Immanuel Kant added on to Aristotle’s philosophy, by insisting that animals are incapable of rationale, and so they may be viewed as purely means to an end, with man representative of that end. The western tradition and system of beliefs was rocked at its foundations however, by various modern discoveries. Darwin began the questioning of the hierarchy of life, when he concluded that human beings were animals as well, possessing a natural origin, similar to that of the animal world. Darwin believed that differences between humans and animals were not that of kind, but of degree.
As a result of this abandonment Lawrence Kohlberg’s theory of moral development cannot be completely applied to the story of Frankenstein, but there still remain certain connections. The first level of Kohlberg’s theory contains two stages. The first stage suggests that people behave according to the standards shown to them by an authority figure, such as a parent or teacher. Caused by Victor’s abandonment, the monster was never taught by his creator what was socially acceptable therefore being unable to differentiate between right and wrong. Without the guidance and teachings of his creator, the monster cannot advance to the second stage of level one, which states that accepting these standards can be in the person’s best interest.
Charles Darwin and Francis Galton are the major psychologists that defend this theory. B.F Skinner and John Watson strongly oppose their theories and say that it is the exact opposite. Charles Darwin uses his theory of natural selection, which proposed that heritable characteristics that provide a survival or reproductive advantage are more likely to be passed on to subsequent generations and thus come to be selected over time, to prove that genetics control how a person behaves. Furthermore, Francis Galton, a relative of Darwin, stated that the class that you were born into was a genetic predisposition, and that you would not be able to rise from this standard. For example, if a lower class man and woman have a child then their child would not be able to rise form the lower class.
Biological vs. Social reality Race as a biological concept personally is ridiculous. Modern scientists have proven the old race stereotypes wrong. Yes there are many differences between all human beings period but race is a manmade creation not biological. The biological side of this argument has a very good question. Even if genetic comparisons show no race-based differences in groups, shouldn’t the obvious physical differences prove the natural existence of race?
Sullivan’s essay is one that depicts the world ending not in nuclear warfare or even by human hands whatsoever, but rather by the animal kingdom’s animosity towards human beings. He cites several instances of “far-out animal-attack stor[ies]”(Sullivan 1) that aren’t your typical “Species self-protection + everybody loving the outdoors = occasional kills”(Sullivan 1) stories, but rather the rare oddities of instances where normally docile or tamed animals are acting out aggressively towards human kind. Sullivan does not just list hoards of animal attack stories to convince you, he reaches out to the scientific community to reinforce his theory. Sullivan contacts Professor Marcus Livengood to add credibility to his argument, as well as more examples of this bizarre phenomenon. Except not.
3. Theologic Evolution: This is a mixture of Creationist theory and evolution itself. Because of overwhelming evidence of evolution, many creationist now believe, that humans evolved over centuries but in a control way. Basically they believe in evolution but they do not believe in natural selection. They believe God is the one who is controlling how humans and other animals will evolve over time.
Travis Hirschi's Social Control Theory, was created in the late nineteen sixties. In trying to figure out why people follow "the law," Hirschi believed that people only became criminals when their bond to society was weakened. Hirschi believed that all humans, being animals, are hedonistic by nature and when they are not restricted by a society that forbids certain crimes (or even pleasures), then they may be tempted to participate. In fact, Hirschi himself said, "We are all animals and thus naturally capable of committing criminal acts." Because this is so, Hirschi believed that it was conformity to society's laws that needed explanation.
Summary for Aggression: The Impact of Media Violence The following article: Aggression: The Impact of Media Violence by Sissela Bok discusses the issue of whether violent media influences aggression levels and crime rates. Media violence has become the center of public debate on widespread beliefs. Public concern has been raised about the increasing rate of copy-cat crimes and how it induces viewers to try and reenact harm to others. First and foremost, Bok addresses public concern about a possible link between violent video games and aggression levels that are indicative of the intention to cause violence. Some are convinced that societal violence has intensified as violent video games have been introduced into the media and to generations.
Functionalist view on family and why nuclear family is no longer the norm. Functionalists believe that every big institution in society contributes to the smooth running of the society. Functionalists mainly focus on the nuclear family as they see it as a building block of society, and say it is the heart of society. A functionalist anthropologist called George P Murdock (1949) claimed that the nuclear family is so useful to society that it is universal. However, functionalists have ignored the conflict and abuse in the family and also ignored the gender inequality within the nuclear families which are key things that haven’t been looked at by functionalists and have ignored the dark side of the family.
Q1. What is this movie all about? This movie is about to describe the situation where human beings and animals have right to act on their own and be treated by others in a certain way, without asking for permission or being dependent on other people’s good will. Apes are caught to be sent to Jacob’s Company. Will is a scientist at Jacob’s Company.