The temperature ranges from 50 to 60 degrees in the summer and drop below freezing in the winter. Winters are very long, lasting from October to May. Rainfall averages about 11 to 12 inches a year. Because of these cold temperatures, poor and rocky soil and low CO2 levels, plants have a hard time surviving and must adapt. The plants that do last here are ones that grow close to the ground like shrubs, wildflowers, mosses, bear grass, and lichen.
Observation: During the winter, you spread salt daily on your driveway to melt the snow. In the springtime, when the lawn begins to grow, you notice that there is no grass growing for about 3 inches from the driveway. Furthermore, the grass seems to be growing more slowly up to about 1 foot from the driveway. Question: Might grass growth be inhibited by salt? My hypothesis is that the grass growth in being inhibited by the salt.
The average amount of rainfall is between 30 and 60 inches a year. The summers are much cooler with the hottest month being between 15°C and 17°C. Temperature is partly affected by cloud cover (over the forest) and cooling which reduces the temperature slightly. Winter temperatures are mild however this is not the case in all deciduous forests. In Northeast Asia, temperate deciduous forests monthly temperatures are a few degrees above freezing due to warmth carried from the sea being close by.
There were eleven different departments of the army and government that were responsible for supplying the army and the welfare of the soldiers The winter of 1854-5 was one of the coldest winters in living memory and a hurricane on 14th November 1854 destroyed many ships containing much of the army supplies including winter uniforms, hay for the horses and ammunition. It also damaged tents and equipment. Whilst the weather was outside the control of the army, Captain Christie, the harbour master at Balaclava had refused to let the ships into port. Half of the ships were sailing ships and had they been allowed to shelter in the harbour, they may not have sunk and the supplies would not have been lost. Arrangements for medical care were also
Ice in Motion In the article Ice in Motion by Alexandra Witze, the author essentially examines "ice dynamics", the movement and melting of glaciers, and the consequences of these changes to our environment currently and in centuries to come. Greenland and Antarctica are home to some of the world's largest glacial masses; this article also provides details of multiple studies conducted in those regions. To provide some perspective: Greenland loses as much ice in a year as is in the entire Alps. Antarctica's Pine Island Glacier is a major contributor to rising sea levels and recently produced an iceberg of 720 square kilometers - approximately eight times the size of the island of Manhattan. (Witze, 2011).
The first snow shovel was found in Russia where people used it for removing the snow from their driveways or roadways. They were available in different shapes and size. People used to opt for the lightest one because it was not a self-propelled product and the person has to operate it for clearing the snow. Snow shovel comes with only two features which include a scoop and a handle. This snow removal equipment sometimes produces strain on the shoulder.
She talks about the blizzard of 77’ which was by far the worst of the worst when it comes to blizzards. The blizzard contained high winds mixed with lots of snow. It lasted from January 28 to February 1. At some points the winds would reach 46 to even 69 miles per hour. At the peak snow drifts reached up to 30ft (9 m).
Two-thirds of all homestead claimants failed to farm their land, due primarily to the lack of rainfall, inappropriate tools, and incorrect crops. Much of the Great Plains saw less than twenty inches of rainfall annually, living up to its name "the Great American Desert. The little rainfall was not enough to support extensive agriculture. The arid climate left the ground hard and impossible to plow. There were no rivers or lakes to provide irrigation and what rain did fall was soon evaporated by the sun.
Fire of Peshtigo, Wisconsin in 1871 HOW DID IT START? No one knows, even today, with all the sophisticated technology available to go over the data and documents of that time, there was no singular starting point uncovered. The year had been very dry, and the abundant moist wetland areas (cedar swamps) had dried completely, making the usually moist peat bogs into tinder. Also, the hardwoods had shed their sparse leaves early and these leaves had dried completely. The evergreens had suffered much needle loss and this caused a thick carpet of dry needles on the dense forest floor.
The average temperature is 50 degrees F, but this varies. Temperatures of 0 and lower (winter months) to temperatures above 100 (summer months) have been recorded. This average rainfall for this biome is 30 - 60 inches a year; most of which is in the springtime when the plants are recovering