Archaeological Findings Essay

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CLCV 2300 A (Sep 10th) Nota Bene: READ the introduction p. 12 – 18 the Nature and Aims of Archaeology * Archaeology is “both a physical activity out in the field, and an intellectual pursuit in the study or laboratory.” * It is the “past tense of cultural anthropology.” * The distinction between Prehistory and History * The scientific nature of archaeology * The new “archaeologies” – specializations * The ethics of Archaeology * Explanation and interpretation of material culture [traditional vs recent approaches] 1. Maya Ruins: Rainforest grown thru the pyramids 2. Egyptians monuments 3. Pantheon – Parthenon 4. Athens: Olympian Zeus. 5. Illustration is important since you have to clear out while you are digging the site. Tutankhamun [p. 64 – 65 and 437 & Nat. Geog, June 2005] The Gold of Troy * Schliemann 1. 1870’s German business, excavate in Mycenae, Greece. 2. The lion Gate at Mycenae - Catherwood, Stephens 1. The Ruins of the Maya * Hiram Bingham 1. Machu Picchu * The work of Louis and Mary Leakey in the Olduvai Gorge of East Africa Some people and places of Historical Importance in Archaeology * Nebuchadnezzar & nabonidus of Babylon * Herodotus in Egypt * Pausanias in Greece * Laocoon in Rome * The Antiquarians in England * John Aubrey at Avebury * William Stukeley at Stonehenge & Avebury * Discovery of Pompeii & Herculaneum * Napoleon in Egypt * Thomas Jefferson * Catherwood & Stephens & the Maya * Schliemann at Troy & Mycenae * General Pitt Rivers * Sir Flinders Petrie * Sir Mortimer Wheeler * Decipherment of scripts: Rawlinson – cuneiform; and Champollion – hieroglyphics Definition of Archaeology * Greek word – discourse about ancient
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