Then when Henry the II took rule the land expanded and England ruled over more of France but when Edward the III came to the throne he lost control of most of the French land. In 1328 when the French king Charles IV died with no male heir to the throne it sparked interest in Edward who believed he was the rightful heir to the throne because his mother (Isabella) was Charles sister. Although Charles cousin prince Phillip also thought he had the rightful place to the throne, this caused the first major battle of the hundred year war, The Battle of Crecy. The battle of Crecy took place in 1346 In France near Normandy in Crecy. King Edward III of England fought against King Phillip VI of France’s son the prince of France in the battle for the throne to rule France.
AP World History Supplemental Packet #4 1750-1914 |Chapter 23 |Chapter 24 |Chapter 25 | |Albert Einstein |Boer War |Toussaint L’Ouverture | |Industrial Revolution |Captain James Cook |Joseph Bonaparte | |American Civil War |partition |Father Miguel de Hidalgo | |Karl Marx |Cecil Rhodes |Augustín de Iturbide | |mass leisure culture |Boxer
These treaties provided important gains for Britain, Austria and the house of bourbon that set the foundation for future development in Europe and abroad. The treaties also labelled the defeat of French ambitions created under Louis XIV and introduced the concept of the balance of power into international relations for the first time. For most of the 17th century France dominated as a European super power. Britain, France's greatest opposition, had just recently emerged as a new superpower in the 1680's along with Austria and the Dutch Republic after victories in the 9 years’ war (McKay & Scott, 1983). Concurrently the king of Spain, Charles II, was nearing his deathbed with no heir to the Spanish throne.
The St. Bartholomew’s Day massacre was instigated by the French Wars of Religion, the Peace of Saint-Germain-en-laye, and the religion crossing wedding of Henry of Navarre and Margaruite de Valois. The conflicts escalated to war fare after an attempted assassination of Admiral Gaspard de Coligny was made. Catherine de’ Medici was the Queen of France from 1547-1559 until King Henry died, along with his heir, making her ten year old son Charles IX king. Catherine continued to rule until August of 1563 when Charles IX declared his majority, but she still ruled through her son (Britannica). Catherine
The Federalist revolt surrendered Toulon to the British after the Girondins had been expelled by the Jacobins Defection of Lafayette Vendee Rebellion - rebellion in defense of the church, bread shortages, conscription and against Parisian intrusion into provincial life. Much of western France rosi in 1793 at a crucial point when foreign armies threatened France also appeared to be threatened from abroad Padua Circular - Emperor Leopold, brother of Marie Antoinette, organized a coalition of French emigre nobles and other European powers that would put an end to the Revolution Pillnitz Declaration - Count of Artois, Louis’ brother & leader of emigre nobles, expressed his support of the Padua Circular Brunswick Manifesto - Proclamation that threatened war and ruin to French people if the republicans did injure Louis XVI or his family Pope Pius denounced the Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Civil Constitution of the Clergy and pushed Louis in a similar stance Coalition of powerful neighbors all united against France 1793: Britain, Holland, Austria, Prussia, Naples Britain with stranglehold of Channel could ferry emigres across and blockade France. Support for Quiberon campaign 1795 It is impossible to disentangle the external and the internal threats The two threats were interwoven and interdependent. Yet far from making them stronger,
One of the major events that assisted the fall of the Holy Roman Empire was Thirty Years’ War. The event that started the Thirty Years’ War was “defenestration of Prague.” Two of Ferdinand’s officials were thrown out a window. The Lutherans violated the Peace of Augsburg by acquiring German Bishops, Calvinists converting princes, and Jesuits reconverting princes to Catholicism. The Calvinists and Catholics had many advantages because of that which made the Lutherans fear the Peace of Augsburg would be negatively impaired. The Lutheran Princes felt it necessary to create the Protestant Union and in retaliation the Catholics formed to Catholic League.
The Tudor dynasty or House of Tudor was a European royal house, which rose to power in the wake of the Wars of the Roses, after a period of great instability and chaos, which included war with France and peasant revolts. Culturally and socially, the Tudor period saw many changes. It is believed that the Tudors were the ones who introduced the system of “Courts” in England, adapted from the famous Arthurian Legends. Since all traditions require a reference point, King Arthur’s court offered a model for an ideal court. When Henry Tudor VIII took to the throne, he established a permanent court for all the decision-making in his kingdom, to ensure political stability in the kingdom keeping in mind that the court would
18131-33 revolution- Parma, Modena and Bologna (papal states) • FRANCE- revolutions in France create the domino effect, revolutionaries in Italy though the new liberal king of France would help them against their absolutist rulers and Austria • THE PAPAL STATES- the Cabonari, liberals and middle class demanded an end to absolutism, demanded constitutional monarchy, middle class involvement in politics and personal freedoms. Revolution and ‘war’ 1848-49-Naples, Sicily, Lombardy, Venetia, Piedmont, the Central Duchies (Modena, Parma, Tuscany) and the Papal State • AGRICULTURAL DEPRESSION- the economy in the mid 19th century was agricultural. 1846-47 harvests failed,
Asses the usefulness of feminist contributions to our understanding of society today Feminism sees society as male dominated and it seeks to describe explain and change the position of women in society, it is therefore both a theory of womens subordination and a political movement. The ‘first wave’ of feminism occurred in the late 19th century, with the suffragettes’ campaign for the right to vote. The 1960’s saw the ‘second wave’ emerge on a global scale. Since then feminism has had a major influence on sociology. Feminists critisise mainstream society as being ‘malestream’ - seeing society only from the male perspective.
Explain Why War Broke Out in 1914 War broke out in 1914 due to several main factors, including the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand on 28th June 1914, the decline of the Ottoman Empire, forming new smaller countries, The Bosnian Crisis, tension in The Balkans, and most importantly, the Alliance System in place around Europe. In my opinion the most significant cause of the First World War were the Alliances. There were two main alliances, known as the Great Powers. The first, ‘The Entente Cordiale’ was an agreement between France and Britain, signed on 8th April 1904. This was surprising to many people, as Britain and France had historically been enemies.