Apush Terms Essay

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Chapter Two John Calvin: Founded Calvinism in Geneva 1536, believed in evil humanity, and predestination Peter Stuyvesant: Dutch general who ended the Swedish colonization in Delaware King Philip’s War: Native American Metacom (also called Philip) forged an intertribal alliance, and sacked frontier villages in New England, and delayed western expansion for several decades. Dominion of New England: Royal administration to more tightly connect the colonies to England Patroonships: Dutch feudal estates fronting the Hudson River granted to settling groups of 50 Jeremiads: a form of Puritan sermon which scolded worshippers for diminishing faith Great Puritan Migration: The emigration of English Puritans to New England and West Indies Treaty of Utrecht: Britain won Nova Scotia and Newfoundland in 1713 John Winthrop: First governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony; developed many key industries Anne Hutchinson: Challenged Puritan predestination in Massachusetts; expelled into New York Roger Williams: Extremist who believed in separation of church and state; expelled from Massachusetts, but founded Rhode Island for people who disliked the theological attitude New England Confederations: Self-made group that settled intercolonial problems; 1st step to unity William Penn: Quaker who founded Pennsylvania, a very popular, free worship, and very liberal Glorious Revolution: William and Mary rule England, high parliamentary power; ends Dominion Fundamental Orders of Connecticut: Established a democracy controlled by upper citizens Protestant Reformation: Formed Protestantism, which forced English emigration to America Maryland Acts of Toleration: When Protestants outnumber Catholics, Catholics agree to toleration Indentured Servant: Migrants work 7 years to pay passage; used before slavery and Bacon’s Rebel. Covenant Theology: An interpretation of Biblical

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