1. The term “A Return to Normalcy” in Chapter 31 is referring to America getting back to its original way of operating its politics and industry. There were new technologies, consumer products, and new forms of leisure and entertainment that was changing American life and this was scaring people in thought of how America could survive with so much change. Because of this, many citizens wanted to return to isolationism and the sense of imperialism started to become rarer as the years continued.
2. The Red Scare of 1919-1920 was a fear of Communism that pokes the US after the Bolshevik revolution of 1917. The Red Scare resulted in a nationwide crusade against left-wingers whose Americanism was suspect. During the Red Scare, Attorney General Mitchell Palmer, developed the Palmer Raids in which attempts to arrest and deport radical leftists, especially anarchists, from the US were made. Other highlight events included in December 1919, a shipload of 249 alleged alien radicals were deported on the Buford to the “workers’ paradise” of Russia. Also in 1920, a number of legislatures, reflecting the anxiety of “solid” citizens, passed criminal syndicalism laws. Later, hysteria went so for that in 1920, five members of the NY legislature were denied their seats simply because they were Socialists. Another part of the Red Scare was the court case in which Nicola Sacco and Bartolommeo Vanzetti were wrongly prosecuted because of a major anti-redism atmosphere. America today can look at the Red Scare of 1919-1920 and take notes on the mailing security, the effects of free speech, the power of unions, and double-checking of the court ruling.
3. A. Mitchell Palmer an Attorney General who “saw red” too easily and earned the title of “Fighting Quaker” by his excess of zeal in rounding up suspects. During the Red Scare, Palmer was a leader in discovering radicals and the