Apush Imperialism Analysis

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Age of Imperialism During the 1800s, Great Britain's empire expanded to India, other parts of Asia, and parts of Africa. It developed in each colony by political, social and economic causes in Britain. Imperialism was seen as both bad and good depending on perspective of those who imperialize and those being imperialized. Great Britain's colonial rule had both positive and negative effects. There were many economic, political and social causes of British Imperialism. Economic reasons were that Britain wanted to benefit from Africa and India’s resources, labor and new markets. Africa had large supplies of accessible resources. Gold and diamond were two of the most valuable resources that were abundant in Africa. (Doc.4) These resources…show more content…
Another economic reason in Africa was cheap labor. Africa had a cheap labor force that would work long hours and for little money. This increased the profitability and demand of raw materials in every British industry in Africa. Raw materials, like rubber, petroleum, iron, coal, cotton and cocoa from Africa and India. (Doc. 3). Britain put restrictions on trade routes and other business routes so that India could only trade with Britain. With that, Britain introduced new means of transportation and communication. Britain taught India English as well as other Western ideas, (military uniforms, clothing and other customs) also they helped develop many railroads and bridges throughout India and made transportation easier. (Doc.5). Political causes of British Imperialism, were that British government set out to prove their superiority. Britain set up many military bases in Africa, India and other parts of Asia. British government also took over many countries and instituted their policies, some of these…show more content…
Negative effects for Africa and India were that many died of new diseases that were brought over by the British, and Africans and Indians had no immunity to these diseases. The demand of cash crops caused a shortage of food which led to famines and even more deaths. Natives of both Africa and India fought in battle in order to defend their way in life. Most recognized for this was Mohandas Gandhi. Gandhi helped India achieve Independence as a country and inspired great thinkers and leaders around the world. He devoted his life to ending European discrimination and how they were making enormous profits through their imperialist relationships with other countries. Gandhi organized peaceful boycotts of British products, strikes and marches against British companies. One of the most famous was the Salt March. Several times he went on public hunger strikes in order to convince the British to grant India it's independence. In 1946 when it was finally granted, the credit was mainly directed on Mohandas Gandhi and his nonviolent approach for this.(Doc.7) Negative effects for the British were express in "The White Man's Burden" by Rudyard Kipling. The White man must spend his life in device of the colony and show his captives the way to civilization. To the white man his captives are half-child and half-devil and do not appreciate his service and are not a productive work force on
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