Apush Dbq New England vs Chesapeake

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In the 17th century, the English established colonies in the new world and created two distinct regions. New England included colonies such as Connecticut and Massachusetts, while the Chesapeake encompassed Maryland and Virginia. Though both regions had English roots, they grew to become two very different settlements with unique features. The differing social patterns, religion, and motivations of New England and Chesapeake colonies created two immensely distinct settlements. Social patterns differed between New England and the Chesapeake, contributing to the disparities between the two areas. First of all, records from ships bound for New England during the 1600’s show that emigrants traveled in families and groups consisting of husbands, wives, children, kinsmen, and servants. Customarily colonists traveling together were from the same area of England and would settle close together in self-sufficient communities upon reaching their destination. (Document B) Furthermore, rich and poor alike settled in townships, and every family received a sizable lot in which a house could be built. Additionally, everyone shared a meadow where they worked together to cultivate the land and raise livestock. (Document D) The center of each town was the meeting hall, where government functions and church services were held. The Congregationalist society mandated that everyone in town was obligated to attend church every Sunday, and church membership dictated who was able to participate in government and decision-making. New England had one of the highest life expectancies in the world and the lowest infant mortality rate. On the contrary, colonists immigrating to the Chesapeake region tended to be younger and traveled overseas alone instead of in families. Settlers were mainly men, with very few women making the voyage to America. As a result of the lack of women in the Chesapeake,
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