Apush Brinkley Chapter 6 Outline

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Outline for Chapter 6 The Constitution and the New Republic 1. Framing A New Government a. Advocates of Centralization i. Confederation had averted the danger of remote and tyrannical authority, but during 1780s powerful groups began to want a national government capable of dealing with nation’s problems. Mainly economic problems that affected themselves ii. Artisans wanted a single high national duty, merchants wanted a single, national commercial policy, people owed money wanted states to stop issuing paper money and causing inflation, land owners wanted protection from mobs iii. Reformers led by Alexander Hamilton called for convention. Inter-state conference on trade held in Massachusetts advised congress to call a convention to “render the constitution… adequate to the exigencies of the union” in 1786. iv. George Washington’s support of new convention in Philadelphia 1787 gave it credibility, feared disorders like Shay’s Rebellion spreading. b. A Divided Convention v. 55 delegates from all but Rhode Island, mainly young, educated, and propertied. vi. Washington was chosen as presiding officer, sessions closed to public and press. vii. Virginia delegation led by James Madison, had plan drafted. Edmund Randolph proposed a new nation government with executive, judiciary, and legislature. viii. Virginia Plan called for 2 house legislature with lower house based on population and upper house elected by lower house. ix. Proposal opposed by Delaware, New Jersey, other small states. Proposal by William Paterson of New Jersey would reform Confederation and give it power to tax. Tabled, Virginia Plan remained basis for discussion. x. Virginia Plan supporters realized concessions to small states needed for agreement, conceded upper house are elected by

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