Apush 2003 Dbq

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DBQ Documents like the Emancipation Proclamation, the 13th amendment, and other various civil rights movements and documents created massive change for blacks, although for the most part only on paper. In the South, especially once reconstruction was over, laws drawn up by them, what would be called the Jim Crow laws, severely limited the rights of now free blacks, like segregation in schools, charging blacks to vote, and various other limitations. This proved that the change, although fairly substantial in its own right, was simply a precursor for the eventual civil rights act in the 1960’s that ended all forms of segregation and finally put this problem as a whole to rest. The Emancipation Proclamation, which “went into effect” in January of 1863, stated that all slaves were now proclaimed free, and that they were…show more content…
The 14th amendment, ratified in 1868, provided citizenship to all citizens born or naturalized in the United States (except Native Americans). After this, the 15th amendment was ratified in 1870, prohibiting denial of suffrage due to race, color, or past servitude, (shown in document C) which was supposed to greatly help blacks. Although once again, laws were enacted by Southern states to limit these rights, with the most critical decision in segregation arriving later in the Supreme Court case Plessey v. Ferguson, which enabled segregation to fully take flight in the South. So this inspired blacks to move to more Northern states like Kansas (as shown in Document D), where they hoped to gain the rights, freedom, and economic opportunities not given to them in their home states. Many failed to establish themselves independently due to lack of funds or experience, so this led to the practice of tenant farming and sharecropping. Even so, very few returned South because they didn’t want to live with their old masters and lose their newfound
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