Apps and Software Essay

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Jayan Bhaila Shrestha African American Literature GLL 237 Prof. Elsie Colon 06/06/2013 It is Malcolm X, El-Hajj Malik El-Shabazz, freedom fighter, warrior-priest and prophet, opener of a new way to understand ourselves and the world, who taught the indispensability of an effective knowledge of history which in turn becomes both an invaluable resource and worthy reward. Indeed, he said “of all our studies, history is best qualified to reward our research.” History, he taught, is not only a resource necessary to understand the past, i.e., “the origins and causes of things” and their development thru time. It also enables us to “understand the present and be prepared for the future.” Malcolm also understood history as a necessary corrective for the diminished and distorted conception of our identity cultivated by the oppressor thru the creation of an artificial entity called “negro,” a non-historical being “who has no history, and by having no history...has no culture,” and thus extracted from their roots, understand themselves as a derivative and dependent part of their oppressor. Within this understanding, Malcolm argues that a right reading of and grounding in history will lead to both critical insight and transformative action—insight into our real identity, the nature of our oppression and the possibilities of overcoming it and to radical action to transform ourselves, society and the world. In the founding document of the Organization of Afro-American Unity, he says “A race of people is like an individual...; until it uses its own talent, takes pride in its own history, expresses its own culture, affirms its own selfhood, it can never fulfil itself.” He is concerned with our loss of historical memory of our life and achievement in Africa and our history of achievement and resistance in this country and hemisphere. He discusses our being uprooted from our history

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