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Approaches Essay

  • Submitted by: dsmith61
  • on February 26, 2012
  • Category: Social Issues
  • Length: 786 words

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Below is an essay on "Approaches" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples.

Approaches to Moral Reasoning Essay
In our world today there are many decisions a person must make to follow the order of living. These choices that we make are all up to us and may benefit us or may harm us. The way in which one approaches his or her decisions is their own morals. Morals can be right or wrong depending on what we interpret as bad and what we interpret as good. In the second semester we have been learning about such different approaches to Moral Reasoning. There are five in particular that have been introduced and they are some of the more common ones.
The first Approach to Moral Reasoning is the Aristotle Approach. The famous philosopher Aristotle said that we should live and base our morals on a life of virtue towards a goal or an end. To live this virtuous life we must develop a virtuous character. The virtuous person is able to tell right from wrong and his desires are in harmony with reason. The path that one wants to take is the Golden Mean of Virtue which is the middle path between vices of excess and deficiency. Being a person who takes responsibility for his actions and knowing in your heart that something is good makes for a morally right decision. The Second Approach is Immanuel Kant’s Theory. It states that our morals should be based on goodwill and motivation of one’s own self. Being a person of goodwill consists of following the Moral Law. This means

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one must be good for one’s own self. Following the Moral Law as a duty makes an action acceptable as morally good.
The third Approach to Moral Reasoning is Utilitarianism. It was proposed by John Stuart Mill. His theory focuses on the greatest amount of good for the greatest amount of people. One must call on him/herself to be selfless and benefit others. The moral worth of a situation is determined by the consequences of it. The Greater Happiness Principle can determine whether a situation is morally right by determining if it gives the greatest...

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