Pacino, however, contends with a time where it is increasingly becoming the norm, but still contends with a society that can be considered moral devoid in some manners, and thus the importance of spirituality and thought is evident in both. Pacino is able to effectively portray Shakespeare’s core values in a manner that is able to best serve his context, and the values he aims to present. Within Elizabethan times, power was a hereditary property, not based upon skill, but upon heritage, but still kept in check by the great chain of being. Shakespeare’s Richard usurps this natural order, and thus brings tyranny and corruption upon the Kingdom. From the outset, Richard makes his evil intent clear, noting cynically and declaratively “Since I cannot prove a lover … I am determined to prove a villain,” revealing that power itself has not corrupted him, but the desire for it.
English Question 1 Essay How has a comparative study of texts aided in your understanding of context in shaping values? The exploration of William Shakespeare’s ‘King Richard III’ and Al Pacino’s 1996 film ‘Looking for Richard’ depicts explicit relationships between the text and their respective audiences. The Elizabethan and 20th century context shapes the various values portrayed within the texts and through this a valuable connection is established. Pacino utilises the 20th century context through anachronisms to modernise the thematic value of Shakespeare. Richard III, in Shakespeare’s play, relentlessly pursues power on his quest for kingship in the late 16th century and this shows his lack of humanity compared with the 20th century.
This makes him appear noble and brave, despite the fact that he was a murderer he is the one who emerges from this event with dignity, ‘You died most horrifyingly like a man.’ We are also made to feel guilty as he as described as ‘white faced’ beneath his hood. Dawe is not trying to exonerate him or make a case that he was wrongfully convicted, indeed by using the phrase ‘-however you lived’, he is implying that Ryan may well have been guilty. The issue is does murder justify state murder, is justice no more than revenge? The trial and execution are described by Dawe as nothing more than a ‘shabby ritual.’ This reinforces my own view on capital punishment. Justice is not revenge.
Mrs. Hutchinson and Schwartz (The jewbird), two creatures who did nothing wrong, although experienced a horrible death. These two stories are centered on violence and cruelty. Mrs. Hutchinson as well as Schwartz should have not died in such a way. In the case of Mrs. Hutchinson stoned to death, and Schwartz with the neck twisted, broken wings and legs. Violence is the most awful way in which someone could die.
By setting this foundation, Shakespeare goes on to argue the value of genres that show imagination and irrationality and their ability to tell more truth than reality and rationality. Using the night, Shakespeare proves that in the worlds of dreams, there is more light, more truth, than day. By presenting a false and wavering love Shakespeare illuminates to the audience just to what extent the larger questions, truths, and ideas can be answered within the world of imagination in contrast to the world of reality. Shakespeare opens the play opens with a problem of love inequality. We see the lovers Lysander, Hermia, and Demetrius, who have a love triangle problem such that the two males are in love with the same woman.
The move was because playwrights had internalized the perspectives of the people’s cultures after changes. The Old Comedy, which was a specialty of Aristophanes, had sophisticated and subtle dramatic form that adopted many approaches as far as entertainment and humor was concerned (Silk 78). According to Andreas (92), Aristophanes comedies, which gratify the Old Comedy genre, can be analyzed in three distinct characteristics, namely; festivity, complexity, and topicality. The structure of the play espouses what is known as complexity in the plays of Aristophanes and thus treated differently as a separate section. As far as the comedy plot is concerned, there is the common trait that it connotes the comic poet’s view of the society but not like the tragedies, which were ultimately based on legend and myth.
This observation can be confirmed as factual as Shakespeare’s choice of words and sentence construction differ from the ordinary language. It is rather a mixture of both time periods. References made to “Apollo” and “Jupiter” links the play to the early English days of astrology and mythology while words such as “dukes” and “princes” presents the courtly world of English nobles. These references unique to King Lear allow the audience to have a grounded understanding of the historical backgrounds from which the play emerges enhancing the purpose of the unusual diction of the characters. In King Lear, Shakespeare successfully creates his own vocabulary and rules of grammar that assist in revealing the emotional intensity in the spoken words of a character.
This is evident in Virginia Woolf's A Room of One's Own, published in 1929, and in Edward Albee's Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf, published in 1963. Both these texts deal with the notion of truth, reality and illusion and also the value of women and patriarchy. However the way they portray these ideas/values and the extent to which they are different, show the changing values and perspectives of the two societies. Both Woolf and Albee value truth in their writing but the extent to which they individually treat this idea is different. This is because they focus on different elements of it and, where reality and illusion are vehemently pivotal to Albee’s text, Woolf has other focuses other than truth in writing.
Hamlet kills Polonius behind the tapestry because he suspects that it might be Claudius, but when he unveils the body and discovers that it is Polonius, he shows no sign of guilt at all. He acts like he is “convinced that he is the complete master of an obviously unhealthy situation” (Prosser Pg. 125). A person who wants nothing more but justice for the death of a loved one would feel bad for killing an innocent person during the process, but that is not the case with Hamlet. He shows no sign of guilt or remorse towards the death of Polonius, because he is clearly past the point of justice and is seeking revenge.
I think that the audience is very naive for feeling sympathy for Tsotsi because he is a criminal that was involved with the murder of two people; Butcher and Zachariah. If anyone were to commit such crimes in reality no one would hesitate to send the person to prison but because of clever filming that made Tsotsi look innocent at the end of the film the audience feel sorry for him. Gavin Hood achieves this by shooting high angles on Tsotsi which make him look small and vulnerable. Along with good acting by Presley Chweneyagae(Tsotsi) , the director effectively wins the hearts of the audience and evokes sympathy for Tsotsi when he is arrested. In a matter of days, the film shows the dramatic change of Tsotsi’s character.