Apology Outline

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Apology Outline Plato Poage I. Main speech A. Accuser are persuasive but not truthful a. Socrates is not an accomplished speaker unless truth telling makes him one (17b) b. Speaks without stylized speech at random c. In the manner of the marketplace (17d) d. First appearance in court (age 70) e. Judge by the justice of my speech not by its manner (18a) f. the excellence of a speaker: telling the truth B. First Accusers a. persuading the audience since childhood (18b-c) b. claiming that Socrates is a wise man; teaches about the sky and the earth below and advocates atheism c. They can’t be named except for the comedic writers (Aristophanes) d. Socrates is fighting with shadows as these early accusers won’t testify e. All these accusations are false f. He doesn’t charge money like the others sophists (Gorgias et al) g. His occupation: searching for wisdom (20d) i. Chaerephon and the oracle of Delphi (21a ff) ii. No one is wiser than Socrates (21b) iii. Socrates tests the ‘wise’ or those who think themselves to be so (21b-e) iv. In his systematic investigation he has discovered those with the greatest reputation are most deficient (22a) 1. poets compose through inspiration (22b-c) 2. craftsmen: know things he doesn’t but think themselves To be wise in others spheres (22e) h. Socrates has become unpopular through questioning (23a) i. the god’s meaning: that man among you is wisest who like Socrates understands his wisdom to be worthless (23b) ii. Because of his occupation he’s not able to engage in public affairs (23b-c) iii. the young rich following him because they like to listen to his questioning (thus the accusation that he corrupts them) i. Socrates current accusers don’t know what he discusses so they’ve used the charges suggested by the earlier accusers i. Meletus defends the poets ii. Anytus: the craftsmen and politicians iii. Lycon: the orators C. The Later
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