Ap World History Semester Traditions Encounters

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Chapter 17 Nomadic Empires and Eurasian Integration ● Describe Nomadic Society and its effects on trade. -two social classes: nobles and commoners -nobles did little governing, tribes looked after own affairs and resented interference -during time of war nobles wielded absolute authority and dealt swiftly with disobeyers -leaders passed noble status to heirs but heirs could lose their status if they did not provide appropriate leadership -commoners could win recognition as leaders with courageous behavior during war -nomads sought to trade with settled people as early as the classical era -commerce was small scale since nomads wanted agricultural products and manufactured goods -nomads also participated in long distance trade -During and after postclassical era nomads lead caravans across central asia and linked settled societies from China to Mediterranean Basin ● Analyze Turkish military expansion including that of the Seljuks. -nomadic leaders organized vast alliances of all people to a khan -Khans didn’t rule directly but through leaders of allied tribes -nomads had massive military power because of outstanding cavalry forces/superior equestrian skills/organization -accurate arrows and coordinated movement to overwhelm opponents -Turkish nomads began in the tenth century to seize settler societies and build imperial states in the regions surrounding central asia ● Explain how Chinggis Khan (universal ruler) attained so much power. -real name: Temujin -made an alliance with a prominent mongol clan leader -mastered steppe diplomacy -showing personal courage in battle, willingness to betray allies or superiors for selfish reasons, ability to entice tribes into relationships -strengthened position by forging alliances, conquering contenders for power, turning against an ally -brought the mongol tribe into a single confederation
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