These codes gave slave-owners absolute power over the African slaves. The Stono Rebellion (sometimes called Cato's Conspiracy or Cato's Rebellion) was a slave rebellion that commenced on 9 September 1739, in the colony of South Carolina. It was the largest slave uprising in the British mainland colonies prior to the American Revolution.  Stono-One of the earliest known organized rebellions in the present United States, the uprising was led by native Africans who were Catholic and likely from the Kingdom of Kongo, which had been Catholic since 1491 Mercantilism is the economic doctrine that government control of foreign trade is of paramount importance for ensuring the prosperity and military security of the state. In particular, it demands a positive balance of trade.
Chapter 20 Study Guide Vocabulary: 1. Factories - Portuguese trading fortresses and compounds with resident merchants; utilized throughout Portuguese trading empire to assure secure landing places and commerce 2. El Mina - most important of early Portuguese trading factories in the forest zone of Africa. 3. Royal African Company - chartered in 1660s to establish a monopoly over the slave trade among British merchants; supplied African slaves to colonies Barbados, Jamaica, and Virginia 4. triangular trade - commerce linking Africa, the new world colonies, and Europe; slaves carried to America for sugar, and tobacco transported to Europe 5.
Morgan suggests that, to a degree, Americans actually bought freedom using this same slave labor. Tobacco, the crop that simulated the early American economy and eventually assisted them on their rise to independence, was completely dependent on slaves. 2. What do the Founding Fathers have to do with it? The most “eloquent” founding fathers all had slaves, including George Washington and Thomas Jefferson.
WHAP Chapter 24 Study Guide 1. Internal pressures in Africa between 1750 and 1870 resulted in the creation of ___________________________. 2. The Nguni peoples of southeastern Africa traditionally had pursued a life based on __________________ and _______________________. 3.
Ch.4 Sec 1: Slavery and Empire -Mercantilism realized: the triangular trade. -West Africa had become a thriving slave industry since the Portuguese had arrived while going to the West coast. Most slaves went to other destinations, like South America( Brazil), Caribbean and then some to the Americas. Very little of them went straight to North America. *The Ordeal of the Slave* -A state of perpetual terror: 1) ﬁrst caught from her/ his tribe by the Europeans or another tribe.
These inventions (refer to Document C for examples) caused great economic expansion across Europe. Yet at the same time, these exact inventions caused for a need of more raw materials. This is where Imperialism began to take shape, because before Imperialism in Africa had begun, there were still many examples of Europeans who’d enslaved africans on their own land. Which meant that once raw materials for machines that needed simple labor in a factory rather than the fields were needed to maintain their great economic boost; whichever European country had the most property in Africa, got to conquer the most land in its entirety (Scramble for Africa). Meaning these now obsolete slaves were being subject to have to watch European countries take over their lands and began industrializing on african soil because of how rich in materials the African land is.
So in 1482 the Portuguese built a built a fort at Elmina [the mine] to protect their trade and they then spread across the Gold Coast. The Portuguese enjoyed a monopoly for nearly 100 years. Europeans are attracted. English, Dutch, Sweedes and Danes all wanted to share opportunities offered. African Solution: indigenous slavery.
The Middle Passage The middle passage was when African Americans were forced to go from the West Coast of Africa to the Caribbean’s where they were marketed, and sold for profit to the plantations owners. This journey was listed as the “Middle Passage” because it was considered the middle leg of the trading triangles, and this was constructed in the early stages of the colonial period. The Middle Passage started from even before 1619 an it was the arrival of the very first African slaves in British Northern America. However, as it developed it was initially amongst Portuguese and the West African mariners in the latter part of the fifteenth century. The Africans were taken or for better word use they were kidnapped by the Europeans and, by other Africans mostly for trading spoils of
Name Date CHAPTER 4 Summary CHAPTERS IN BRIEF The Atlantic World, 1492–1800 CHAPTER OVERVIEW Starting in 1492, the Spanish built a large empire in the Americas, but the native peoples suffered. In North America, the Dutch, French, and English fought for control. England ﬁnally won. The labor of enslaved persons brought from Africa supported the American colonies. The contact between the Old World and the New produced an exchange of new ideas.
According to the 1705 law, all blacks, mulattoes, and Native Americans, all non-Christian persons brought into the colonies as servants (even should they later convert to Christianity) were considered slaves, (PBS, 2004). The Code Noir (The Black Code) was the legalized law for slavery regarding the Islands of French America. The French law was from the King of France. The French was set up to maintain the discipline of the Roman, Catholic, and Apostolic Faith in the islands (Code Noir). The British Law was enacted by Virginia's House of Burgesses, as a colony all laws were subjected to review by the King of England, the British courts did recognize the status of slaves in the colonies and use common and commercial law concepts to enforce sales contracts or marine policies involving the buying, selling, and shipment of African slaves, (Finkelman, 2012).