Ap World History Chapter 23 Essay

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Jacob Greenfeld AP World History January 16, 2012 Block 2 Chapter 23: Africa, Asia, and European Penetration, 1650-1815 sub-Saharan Africa and group in subtitled area. Africans and Dutch Settlements in South Africa- When the Dutch began settling in southern Africa in the mid-seventeenth century, they encountered a mix of African societies that had populated the region for many centuries. The earliest inhabitants of South Africa were San hunters and gatherers and Khoikhoi pastoralists. These were followed by Bantu-speaking farmers who crossed the Limpopo River around the third century of the Common Era. The Khoikhoi were the first to make contact with European seafarers. The gradual expansion…show more content…
Some African rulers refrained from any involvement, while others saw the slave trade as an opportunity to amass more power through the acquisition of firearms and horses. The Yoruba kingdom of Oyo drew on revenues derived from the slave trade. Of all the West African states, Dahomey, located west of the Oyo kingdom, was even more affected by the slave trade. Dahomey managed to maintain its autonomy, and in the mid-seventeenth century it became a major power in its own right as its authoritarian rulers created a highly centralized state. The slave trade and every aspect of the economy were rigidly monopolized by the royal elite. Everyone was required to perform military service, even women. Another prominent regional state was Asante, founded by Akan peoples. They formed states based on the trade in gold, kola nuts, and slaves to the north and gold, slaves, and ivory to the Portuguese on the coast. In the late seventeenth century the Akan states were absorbed into the Asante kingdom. Ruling from his capital at Kumsai, Osei Tutu transformed a loose confederation into a centralized state and adopted the Golden Stool as the unifying symbol of Asante kingship. The southwest coast, from the Bight of Biafra to the Cunene River, was no less affected by the slave trade, as the Portuguese remained an intrusive
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