Ap World History Chapter 2 Notes Essay

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Events/Important/key Dates * 7,000~ 4,000 BCE: Spread of agriculture through most of Middle east. * 5,000 BCE: Farming along Nile River * 4,000 BCE: Sumerians settle in Tigris- Euphrates valley * 4,000 BCE: Sumerians (a people who had migrated into the area from the north) provided final boost toward establishing civilization * 4,000 BCE: cumulative effects of agriculture & technology → civilization as a new organizational form (wheel, bronze use, and writing facilitated) * 3,500 BCE: Writing is introduced. (based on new needs for commercial property and political records → celebration of the deeds of proud local kings) * 3,500 BCE: Early Sumerian alphabet * 3,100~2,700 BCE: Initial kingdoms in Mesopotamia and Egypt * 3,000 BCE: Introduction to bronze tools * 3,000 BCE: Mesopotamian husbands veiled their wives on marriage → to protect the wife’s honor * 2,700~2,200 BCE: Old Kingdom period , Egypt * 2,600 BCE: First great pyramid * 3,400~2,200 BCE: Akkadian Empire conquers Sumer * 2,052~1,786 BCE: Middle Kingdom period → civilization spreads to Upper Nile. * 2,000 BCE: Sumerians wrote the Epic of Gilgamesh ( world’s oldest story) * 2,000 BCE: Sumerians produced the potter’s wheel, invented glass, introduced useof fertilizer and silver → Trade expands → Sumerians had trading contact with India * 1800BCE: Babylonian Empire rose again * 1600BCE: fall of Babylonian Empire * 1,300 BCE: (Egypt) Queen Nefertiti → role in religious reforms → men and women have equal access to afterlife Trends/Ideas * MIDDLE EAST * Cumulative effects of agriculture → wave of technology → generated civilization as a human organization * SUMERIANS * Fertile Crescent (rivers overflow → depositing fertile soil ; flat → was open to invasion) → Sumerians migrated to this place from the region

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