8) What was indentured servitude and how did it differ from the Latin labor system of the encomienda? 9) What were the exports (both foodstuffs and otherwise) that the French and British sought to acquire from North America? Study Guide 18 10) What impact did tobacco play in the New World trade? 11) What was the relationship between the sugar trade and the African slave trade in the West Indies? Why were indentured servants sometimes preferred over African slaves.
The Triangular trade was the trade cycle between Europe, Africa, and the New World. Europeans would trade guns, money, and liquor with the Africans and in return the Africans would trade the Europeans slaves. Next the Europeans would bring the slaves on what was called the “middle passage” which was the journey from the west coast of Africa to the New World, and then they would bring precious metals, sugar, rum coffee tobacco, and cotton back to Europe. When the Europeans traders returned back to Europe they sold their goods at a huge profit, and a portion of their profits would go to buy goods for their next trading trip to Africa. Sometimes the Triangular trade would go through China as well.
In Sparks’s writing, the Robin Johns’ story allows us "to translate those statistics (of the slave trade) into people" (5). The Robin Johns’ enslavement and liberation resulted from their active roles as slave traders at the West African region of Old Calabar. Ephraim Robin John and Ancona Robin John were members of the elite Efik slave traders of Old Calabar and participated in the Ekpe secret society that governed the commercial relations with Atlantic traders. As Old Calabar grew from a small town in the late seventeenth century to one of the most important slave trading regions of the eighteenth century, Efik traders such as the Robin Johns came to
However, the many taxes passed by the British Parliament hindered their progress, upsetting the colonists. One of the first significant taxes was the Sugar Act of 1763, enacted by the british parliament, which added a tax to sugar bought by the colonists. This tax enraged the colonists because they enjoyed the use of sugar and they didn’t want to have to pay more for it. The colonists, in response, began to smuggle sugar and other goods. The british, in response to the smuggling, set up a court without a jury present and the presumption was that the colonists were guilty.
Revolutionary Americans resented the economic restrictions, finding them exploitative. They claimed the policy restricted colonial trade and industry and raised the cost of many consumer goods. In his 1774 pamphlet, "A Summary View of the Rights of British America, " Thomas Jefferson asserted the Navigation Acts had infringed upon the colonists' freedom in preventing the "exercise of free trade with all parts of the world, possessed by the American colonists, as of natural right." Yet, as O. M. Dickerson points out, it is difficult to find opposition to the mercantile system among the colonists when the measures were purely regulatory and did not levy a tax on them. The British mercantile system did after all allow for colonial monopoly over certain markets such as tobacco, and not only encouraged, but with its 1660 regulation was instrumental in, the development of colonial shipbuilding.
John Hughes and Benjamin Franklin came up with the Stamp Act which many people did not like. (DOC G) John Hughes was beggining to run the government down into nothing. Which would cause more taxes for the Americans and whatnot. The Americans would really begin to not like John Hughes and want to separate from Britian even more. So these were some of the reasons tt the American colones separated from the British.
Royal African Company - chartered in 1660s to establish a monopoly over the slave trade among British merchants; supplied African slaves to colonies Barbados, Jamaica, and Virginia 4. triangular trade - commerce linking Africa, the new world colonies, and Europe; slaves carried to America for sugar, and tobacco transported to Europe 5. Asante - established in Gold Coast among Akan people settled around Kumasi;
Because of the large debt left by the French and Indian War and the subsequent Seven Years War, Britain pushed a series of unwelcomed taxes and acts upon the American colonists that stripped them of their civil liberties. Such acts included the Sugar Act and Townshend Act, which taxed common household goods such as sugar, glass, paper, silk, and lead. In response to the British East India Company’s looming bankruptcy, British parliament passed the Tea Act, which allowed the company to bypass colonial merchants. The Quartering Act forced colonists to house British soldiers, and was seen as a reassertion of British authority over the colonies. The Stamp Act, which placed a tax on all printed items, angered colonists the most because it was passed with a blatant intention of raising revenue.
F.Q.R In Britain’s North America from the period of 1607 to 1776 there was slavery and how slavery started because of the demand for tobacco and sugar cane and the African Americans were the only ones who knew how to grow it. The first Africans that were sent to America were the ones in the Caribbean. The demand for slaves in North America helped expand the slave’s trade. As the slave trade expanded it also got more terrible. The Africans were brought here into filthy dark and were packed onto the ships also known as the “middle passage”.
On January 14th 1766 George Grenville a member of British parliament stated that the reason Britain is taking goods and imports is due to them being in debt with the Colonies. Great Britain protects and gives aid to the Colonies causing them to be in debt. Grenville believes that the colonists should pay back “a small share to the public expense”. Grenville believes that parliament has the power to impose taxes on the Colonies due to then still being a part of Great Britain. Just as Grenville says that Britain has all the write to tax goods, Dr Samuel Johnson states that the colonies “they are subject to the English government and chargeable by