The following paragraphs will give a description of behavioral approaches, social/cognitive approaches, and the how these approaches can explain Ted Bundy’s personality. The behavioral approach to personality can be explained by looking at the two different forms of conditioning. Classical conditioning occurs after the repeated pairing of an unconditioned stimulus that arouses an unconditioned response and an indifferent stimulus, the antecedently neutral stimulus can come to evoke the same response as the unconditioned stimulus (Friedman & Schustack, 2012, p.187). Partial reinforcement occurs when a reward is received after some, but not all, occurrences of a behavior (Friedman & Schustack, 2012, p.186). Research has found that the conditioned response generally is only used in response to stimuli that is the equivalent or similar to the conditioned stimuli; this is called discrimination (Friedman & Schustack, 2012, p.187).
Thorndike was the first psychologist to research Operant Conditioning. He believed that if something had a pleasant consequence then the action or behaviour is more than likely to be repeated. On the other hand if something has an unpleasant consequence it will not be repeated. Classical conditioning involves learning associating between events that occur in an environment. All learning can be shown and explained via – stimulus – response.
This paper will provide the foundational principles of each theory, and will explain the similarities and differences between the two theories. The behavioral theory of learning stresses the importance of human beings making connections between behavior and experience. For this reason, the foundational principles underlying this theory include the two perspectives, operant conditioning, and classical conditioning. In operant conditioning, consequences of behavior affect the probability of the occurrence of that particular behavior. In classical conditioning, an organism learns to associate or connect stimuli so that the neutral stimulus becomes associated with the meaningful stimulus.
The following questions refer to Activity 3: Determining the Effect of TSH on Metabolic Rate. 6. Was there a change in the metabolic rate of the thyroidectomized rat with the administration of TSH? Explain your results. There was a small change in the increase but not very much, the TSH doesn’t help with anything because thyroxine isn’t being released due to not having a thyroid.
Classical Conditioning By: Tyler Koenig Classical conditioning is a technique used in behavioral training. A naturally occurring stimulus is paired with a response. Then, a previously neutral stimulus is paired with the naturally occurring stimulus. Eventually, the previously neutral stimulus comes to evoke the response without the presence of the naturally occurring stimulus. The two elements are then known as the conditioned stimulus and the conditioned response.
Classical conditioning and operant conditioning are very different and alike at the same time. People acquire certain behaviors through classical conditioning, a learning process in which associations are made between an unconditioned stimulus and a neutral stimulus. Operant conditioning occurs when the consequences that follow a behavior increase or decrease the likelihood of that particular behavior occurring again. Classical and operant conditioning are very alike and different. Classical conditioning always has a specific stimulus that elicits the desired response where operant conditioning has no stimulus and the learner must respond, then behavior is reinforced.
It believes that learning occurs through interaction with the environment and that it is the environment that shapes behaviour instead of through thoughts, feelings and emotions. A well-known aspect of behavioural learning is Classical Conditioning. This theory was first discovered by Russian Physiologist Ivan Pavlov. Classical Conditioning is a learning process which occurs through associations between a stimulus and a response. In order to understand the theory, we must familiarise ourselves with the basic principles.
The material that is used to temporarily remember these lists is called short-term memory or working memory. The working memory stores memory in an active or temporary stage and only holds information for a short time, and is forgotten or lost without rehearsal. There are two theories in relation to forgetting, interference theory and decay theory. Simply, interference occurs when the new information causes the forgetting the old information, and the decay causes us to forget because of the passing of time and the decay of a memory. There are two types of interference that are most remarkable in psychological theory and research, retroactive interference and proactive interference.
This results in a breakdown of the relationship before it has started. People who have problems making good conversation are often rejected when looking for a relationship as getting to know them can be hard and similarities and differences can’t be found. Two, lack of stimulation, according to the theory by Thibault and Kelley (1970) they said that we look for rewards in relationships. So if we are lacking the rewards in a relationship then it is likely to result in a breakdown. This is supported by Baxter (1994) he said that lack of stimulation, I.e.