Ap Human Geography Chapter 23 Summary

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Vocabulary Chapter 23, Section 1 Subcontinent: a landmass that is large and distinct but joined to a continent. Alluvial plain: an area of fertile soil deposited by river flood waters. Mica: a layered rock that is used in making electrical equipment. Chapter 23, Section 2 Monsoon: a seasonal wind that brings warm, moist air from the oceans in summer and cold dry air from inland in winter. Cyclone: a storm with heavy rains and high winds.   Outline Chapter 24, Section 1 Vocabulary Jati: a group that defines one’s occupation and social position. Megalopolis: a chain of closely linked metropolitan areas. Human Characteristics A. South Asia has more than one-fifth of the world’s population. B. India 1. Dravidians- most…show more content…
Invaders from the northwest succeeded these early peoples. The influence of all these groups is still felt in South Asia today. B. The Indus Valley Civilization 1. Around 2500 B.C. the Indus Valley civilization began in South Asia. 2. This civilization developed a writing system, a strong central government, and an overseas trade. The people built cities with plumbing and sanitation systems. The civilization declines between 1700 and 1500 B.C. when the Indus River changed its course. C. The Aryans 1. Aryan hunters and herders migrated to South Asia from the northwest and became farmers. 2. Vedas- sacred writings that tell about their society. i. The society was organized into four groups, priests, warriors, artisans and farmers, and enslaved people. ii. Caste system- prevailed in India for centuries and only now is gradually weakening. Two Great Religions A. Understanding Hinduism and Buddhism is a key to understanding the history and culture of South Asia B. Hinduism 1. Is both a religion and a way of life. i. Dharma- every Hindu is required to carry out his/her dharma, or moral duty. ii. Reincarnation¬- Hindus believe that after death, people undergo rebirth as another living

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