Ap Government Midterm Review

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APGAP Midterm Review Guide Chapter 1: Introducing Government in America * Describe the contemporary theories of democracy: * Elitism-A government and politics theory that states that societies are divided by classes and the upper-class elite rules by influencing government, regardless of a government organization created to prevent this. * Hyper-pluralism-A government and politics theory that states that groups are so strong that they weaken the government and cripple its ability to make policies. This is an extreme version of pluralism. * Pluralism-A government and politics theory that states that politics is influenced by competing groups who press for their preferred public policies through organized efforts. * Define and give an example of the following components of the traditional democratic theory: * Equality in voting- The principle of “one person, one vote. Voting must be representative. All votes must be worth the same amount. * Effective participation- Citizens must have adequate and equal opportunities to express their preferences throughout the decision making process * Enlightened understanding-Free press and free speech are essential to civic understanding. Information must be free and available, not distorted, in order for people to understand. * Citizen control of the agenda- Citizens should have the collective right to control the government’s policy agenda * Inclusion-The government must include and extend rights to all those subject to its laws * Describe what governments have in common in providing for their citizens * All governments maintain a national defense, provide public service, preserve order, socialize the young, and collect taxes. * Define government and politics * Government-The institutions that make the public policies for a society. * Politics-The process of determining

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