Anzacs Essay

2137 WordsMay 31, 20139 Pages
Anzac Day From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Anzac Day | | Observed by | Memorial services, public holiday | Type | Patriotic, Historical, Nationalist | Significance | First landing of the Anzacs at Gallipoli | Date | 25 April | Observances | Military parades, remembrance services | Related to | Remembrance Day (Commonwealth of Nations), Armistice Day | * Anzac Day is a national day of remembrance in Australia and New Zealand, commemorated by both countries on 25 April every year to honour the members of the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps (ANZAC) who fought at Gallipoli in the Ottoman Empire during World War I. It now more broadly commemorates all those who died and served in military operations for their countries.[1][2] | Anzac Day marks the anniversary of the first major military action fought by Australian and New Zealand forces during the First World War.[3] The acronym ANZAC stands for Australian and New Zealand Army Corps, whose soldiers were known as Anzacs. Anzac Day remains one of the most important national occasions of both Australia and New Zealand,[4] a rare instance of two sovereign countries not only sharing the same remembrance day, but making reference to both countries in its name. When war broke out in 1914, Australia and New Zealand had been dominions of the British Empire for thirteen and seven years respectively. [edit] Gallipoli campaign In 1915, Australian and New Zealander soldiers formed part of an Allied expedition that set out to capture the Gallipoli Peninsula, according to a plan by Winston Churchill to open the way to the Black Sea for the Allied navies. The objective was to capture Constantinople, the capital of the Ottoman Empire, which was an ally of Germany during the war. The ANZAC force landed at Gallipoli on 25 April, meeting fierce resistance from the Ottoman Army commanded by Mustafa

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