Anxiety Disorders Essay

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Anxiety Disorders Kristy Martin Monday 27, 2012 Psy 1001 Anxiety disorders as a group are the most common form of mental illness among children and adolescents (Connolly, xi). Panic disorder affects approximately 0.3% to 1% of children and adolescents. This disorder usually affects more females then males. Panic disorders are described as common, distressing, and often disabling conditions in which they are followed by at least one month of persistent concerns about additional attacks (Stein, 13). The criteria for diagnosing a panic disorder are the following: 1) recurrent unexpected panic attacks, 2) at least one of the attacks has been followed by one month (or more) of one (or more) of the following: a) persistent concern about having additional attacks, b) worrying about the implications of the attack or its consequences, c) a significant change in behavior related to the attacks. 3) Absence of agoraphobia. 4) The panic attacks are not due to the direct physiological effects of a substance or a general medical condition. 5) The panic attacks are not better accounted for by another mental disorder (Stein, 14). There are several sources that can cause a panic disorder in adolescents. Those sources include depressive symptoms, low self-esteem, and another anxiety disorder or stressful situations can bring on a panic disorder. For a panic disorder to be diagnosed, a person must experience repeated panic attacks that appear from out of the blue, along with at least of the following criteria for at least one month: persistent concern about having additional attacks, worries about what the panic attack means or the consequences it will cause , such as losing control, having a heart attack, or “going crazy”, and a significant change in behavior related to the attacks. References Stein, J D (2004). Clinical Manual of Anxiety Disorders.

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