Antisocial Personality Disorder Essay

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History of Antisocial Personality Disorder In the past people with an antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) have been termed psychopaths, sociopaths, and dissocial personalities. The term psychopath referred originally personality disorder in general; it was replaced with the term sociopath to include the social rather than only the psychological origins of the disorder. The criteria described by Cleckley (1941) included a person having superficial charm, unreliable, poor judgment, and lack of remorse. The term antisocial personality became the preferred term to use in the DSM-II, and then later the DSM-III added additional diagnostic criteria that put a much greater emphasis on criminal activities and behavior performed by a person with this personality disorder. The DSM-III was criticized for not added the characteristic of lack of remorse, failure to learn from experiences and being incapable of love. The DSM-III-R responded to the criticism by adding lack of remorse as a criterion. Antisocial personalities are thought to be range from healthy to pathological , wherein antisocial personality style would be considered the healthier than an antisocial personality disorder (Sperry, 2003, pp. 37-38). Styles of Antisocial Personality Disorder The behavior styles of individual with (ASPD) are impulsive anger, deceitfulness, and cunning. A person with (ASPD) trends to be forceful and often engage in risky and dangerous behavior. The interpersonal style for an individual with (ASPD) are antagonism and reckless disregard for others needs and safety. They are highly competitive and tend to be poor losers. They develop superficial relationships that involve little commitment or true feelings. The cognitive style of an individual with (ASPD) tend to be impulsive and cognitive inflexible. They tend to be condescending towards authority, rules, and social norms, so
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