Antigon: Chorus Of Cowardice?

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Antigoné: Chorus of Cowardice? The chorus in Sophocles’ Antigoné throughout holds the opinion the law of the gods is more important than the law of the state. Their position is evident with an exploration of Antigoné and more importantly with a deeper understanding of what a chorus is. This position is from the start voiced in the Parados, alluded to time and again throughout, and finally driven home in the end of the play. Support for such a claim of the chorus in Antigoné is rare. Rightfully so, the chorus’s eagerness to voice their thoughts against a position of authority can best be described as timid or meek. First, a better understanding of what a chorus is then evidence for the notion of a chorus consistently siding with what is just. Beginning with an examination of the chorus in Greek literature it is evident the chorus served several purposes. The number of actors in the chorus varied but, Sophocles set the number in his chorus to fifteen. Early in Greek drama they communicated their lines to the audience by singing and dancing. Later as in Antigoné, Sophocles uses a Choragos, a leader of the chorus and the principal commentator with on the play’s action. Further, the Choragos has direct dialogue with the characters, serving as an actor in the play. As a narrator, the chorus explains the action of the play providing commentary on and dividing the action with odes for the audience. Often times the chorus interprets the action of the play in relation to the laws of the state and the laws of the gods. And finally, the chorus presents to the audience an understanding of the position of the populace. How the people are affected by the actions of the characters and how those actions and characters are perceived. In contemporary western society, the chorus relates to a narrator or the background music accompanying the action of a film. Additionally,

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