Antibiotic Resistence Essay

2050 WordsDec 17, 20129 Pages
Antibiotic resistance is a deadly phenomenon that can strike any one at any time.The medical field has been fighting against antibiotic resistant microorganisms for several decades. However, this phenomenon has continued to plague us. An important step to combating this problem is to spread knowledge to the general public. Therefore, this research paper will serve as a descriptive account of antibiotic resistance with the goal of increasing education.In order to achieve this goal, a full description of antibiotic resistance will be included. In addition, a short background and timeline of the occurrences will be outlined. Contributing factors will be examined to determine what leads to antibiotic resistance. Lastly, guidelines will be offered with the goal of decreasing antibiotic resistance. .Antibiotics, from the Greek word anti "against" and bios "life, are chemical substances produced by various species of microorganisms and other living systems that are capable in small concentrations of inhibiting the growth of or killing bacteria and other microorganisms. These organisms can be bacteria, viruses, fungi, or animals called protozoa. Some antibiotics are produced from living organisms such as bacteria, fungi, and molds. Others are wholly or in part synthetic which means it is, produced artificially. Inevitably, antibiotics have played a major role in our society thanks to Sir Alexander Fleming's careful observations in 1928. Sir Alexander Fleming, a Scottish biologist, defined new horizons for modern antibiotics with his discoveries of enzyme lysozyme (1921) and the antibiotic substance penicillin (1928). The accidental discovery of penicillin from the fungus Penicillium notatum perfected the treatment of bacterial infections such as, syphilis, gangrene and tuberculosis. He also contributed immensely towards medical sciences with his writings on the subjects

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