The Abolitionist Movement 1830 – 1865 Alexander Cunningham UMUC Abstract The Abolitionist Movement during 1830 and 1865 was a crusade to achieve immediate emancipation of all slaves, and to end racial segregation and discrimination. This anti-slavery movement consisted of black and white abolitionists in the North, with outposts in the upper South, who denounced slavery as illegal, immoral, economically backward and violated human rights. The advocating of these goals raised issues leading to the Civil War and the Emancipation of all slaves. Abolitionist ideas became increasingly prominent in northern churches and politics in the 1830s.In addition to advocating for immediate emancipation, abolitionists created Anti-Slavery Societies, and were supported by fellow Distinguished Anti-Slavery Advocates, Religious, Political, Radical and Militant Abolitionists who all argued for the same cause: emancipation of all slaves. This essay will recount well-known Anti-Slavery Advocates, societies and how these events known as the, “The Second Great Awakening,” contributed to the regional animosity between North and South and was a factor that leads to the Civil War.
Plymouth was founded but the Separatist Puritans who wanted to begin their own Church without the interference of the British government. The church believed in predestination, in which a soul is born destined for hell or heaven. One does not have the option to decide their own fate; God has already done this feat. Once a person shows signs of conversion, in which the person is shown that he/she will go to heaven, they are "visible saints". Puritans agree that only visible saints should have Church membership but in England everyone could have Church membership so the Puritans came to the Americas to set up a Church where only “visible saints” could have membership.
In the early 1800s the sudden onset of the Second Great Awakening influenced many reform movements, inspiring people to seek personal salvation and improve their lives as well as the lives of those they considered less fortunate. The Second Great Awakening launched a variety of reform movements across the country in an attempt to perfect the democratic society. Americans who participated in the Second Great Awakening considered America “youthful” and thought that they could perfect their surroundings and help those in need. The Awakening called on followers to prove their faith by helping those less fortunate than themselves by spreading their ideals. Two examples of the widespread influence of the Second Great Awakening are the creation of utopian societies and the temperance movement.
Between the years 1825-1850, Americans has entered a new stage where we sought to expand democratic ideals in our society. We have shifted some of the way we are living and made changes on our traditional principles. Some reforms that we believed helped expand our ideals include temperance, abolition, women right’s, and religions. These reforms, which the people believe, would make America as a “utopian” society. Some of these reform movements failed but some didn’t, for example, The Second Great Awakening led a path for equal rights and the desire to bring order and control.
Wendell Phillips- He was supporting the union seceding so the slave states wouldn’t have such control over the government and public opinion and felt that Lincoln was moving to slow abolishing slavery. Harriet Beecher Stowe- She fought for women rights following the civil war. 6. What lasting impact did the persons reforms have on American society? Wendell Phillips- He had a part in the rights for women, blacks, and Native Americans, and now there are schools and scholarships named for him.
In the Oates approaching fury, I read about the abolitionists and the pro-slavery advocate in the mid 1800’s which were major factors in the Civil war. William Lloyd Garrison a white Bostonian who led one of the largest reform movements in the 1800’s. They believed that slavery was political and religious incorrect. In 1831 Garrison published his own abolitionist newspaper to promote his views on abolition of slavery in the south, called The Liberator. He attracted a lot more followers using nonviolent and non-aggressive as he assisted in organizing the Anti-Slavery Society.
Use of technology in the civil rights campaign is also a key turning point for the campaign as during the 60’s further advancements were made by national broadcasts showing ill treatment of activist in places such as Birmingham and Selma in Alabama, expanding further support for the Civil rights campaign internationally. James Farmer claimed “we felt we could count on the racists of the South to create a crisis so that the federal Government would be compelled to enforce the law” Along with this, Kings motivational ‘I have a dream’ speech in Washington DC 1963 can be argued to be the key factor as it leads to the Civil Rights Act of 1965. King has a significant role in the civil
During the first half of the 19th century the effects of the Second Great Awakening and various reform movements swept the nation. This is shown by religious movements, and abolition. The Second Great Awakening was the religious movement in which individual responsibility for seeking salvation was emphasized, along with the need for personal and social improvement. Charles Grandison Finney, the most famous preacher of the era inspired emotional religious faith. He rejected the 18th-centurty belief that God predetermined whether a person went to heaven or hell.
The issues surrounding slavery were many. Each side had a different view on slavery and each side’s view had issues relevant to each side’s society. The view of the anti-slavery crowd was that it was a matter of human rights and to help further the middle class of the US. Whereas the pro-slavery people said it was an issue of states rights because at this time each state was still sovereign of the federal government and the slavery could be used to sustain and to further the progress of the US. The largest part of pro-slavery and anti-slavery arguments was political.