Anti-Drug Legislation Analysis

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Running Head: ANTI-DRUG LEGISLATION ANALYSIS Anti-drug Legislation Analysis Shanna Wilkins University of Phoenix August 1, 2011 CJA/354 Facilitator: Paul Croushore The war on drugs is intended to stop the distribution, trade, consumption, and production of drugs. The war on drugs is why the American prison population has escalated. Because drug crimes have escalated the prison population has tripled since the early 1980s. Homicide, robbery, and assault are no longer the number one reasons for incapacitation; this is the reason prisons are so overcrowded (Foster, 2006). In this paper the student was asked to analyze federal and state anti-drug legislation. The student was also asked to compare and contrast the similarities and differences among various states, as well as federal policy. In addition he or she was asked to examine the proposition of legalization and of certain drugs and the potential impact this legislation change could have at the different levels of the war on drugs. And last, he or she was asked to explain if legislation change would affect asset forfeiture. Anti-drug legislation In the United States anit-drug legislation dates back to around 1875, when a statue was enacted prohibiting the smoking of opium. The first major federal anit-drug legislation came in 1914, which was called the Harrison act. The Harrison Act allowed those who sold opium, heroin, cocaine, and morphine to register with the federal government and to pay a tax of 1 dollar per year. However during this time the only individuals who were allowed to register with the federal government were members of the medical profession. Pharmacist and physicians were at the top of the list and those individuals who were caught distributing these drugs who were not registered faced a fine and also imprisonment up to five years (Schmalleger, 2005).
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