When many people think of bacteria, they also think of disease and infection. Bacteria release toxins, called endotoxins, as they grow and multiply, which cause infections and diseases, such as Salmonella. This can occur, as food that has not been cooked properly; and therefore the bacteria has not been destroyed; which is then eaten. The bacteria then die and release endotoxins which irritate the lining of the small intestine, causing abdominal cramps, headache, fever, and severe watery diarrhoea . Cholera is one of the biggest killers, killing around 120,000 people each year.
Prions are a mutated form of a normal protein. These preeon proteins are spread when the body of an infected cow or human is eaten by another being. When in an animal, the proteins actually become severely deformed into a contagious shape, and while in this form, Breeds plaque fibers that slowly eat away at the victim’s brain. A preeon is a small protein linked to certain rare, fatal brain diseases in cows, sheep, humans, and other mammals. Preeon in cattle are from carcasses of scrapie-infected sheep.
Other symptoms include stomach pain and tenderness, nausea, anorexia, and occasional fever. Young children, the elderly, and those who are immunocompromised often die from dehydration before the parasite has a chance to attack the liver. Healthy adults can usually survive beyond the initial dehydration and progress into the liver failure stage of Amebiasis, which is difficult and expensive to treat and will ultimately lead to death if left untreated. After breaking through the mucosal lining of the stomach and intestines, the parasite migrates to the liver and begins eating it, causing infected, pus oozing abscesses. Without treatment the abscesses can grow and expand until the liver fails completely.
Symptoms would include red, grossly inflamed and swollen lymph nodes, called buboes (hence the name bubonic), high fever, delirium, and convulsions. However, if the bacterial infection spread to the lungs (pneumonic plague) or to the bloodstream (septicemic plague) the unfortunate victim would certainly die, usually within hours with symptoms too horrific to recount. The Elizabethan pamphleteer Thomas Dekker wrote a chilling account of the chaos and despair brought by the plague: Imagine then that all this while, Death (like a Spanish Leagar, or rather like stalking Tamberlaine) hath pitched his tents, (being nothing but a heape of winding sheets tacked together) in the sinfully-polluted Suburbes: the Plague is Muster-maister and Marshall of the field: Burning Feauers, Boyles, Blaines, and Carbuncles, the Leaders, Lieutenants, Serieants, and Corporalls: the maine Army consisting (like Dunkirke) of a mingle-mangle, viz. dumpish Mourners, merry Sextons, hungry Coffin-sellers, scrubbing Bearers, and nastie Graue-makers: but indeed they are the Pioners of the Campe, that are imployed onely (like Moles) in casting up of
Once the infection has occurred the bacteria produce a toxic gas that kills muscle, providing an even more anaerobic area, which explains such rapid spread in the body. It is the gas that kills the surrounding muscle not the actual bacteria (Reed 2004). Diagnostic tests and treatment. There are usually very strong visual signs specifically attributed to Gas Gangrene that do not even require any testing such as large liquid or air filled blisters that have a red or brown color and an odorous discharge. Usually air can be felt beneath the skin and incapability to contract the muscle in the area of infection (Reed 2004).
A person’s health is greatly affected by their lifestyle decisions. Someone who chooses to smoke especially on a regular long term basis will be harming they're health greatly. Smoking directly causes 1000's of deaths in the UK each year and contributes too many more. Cigarettes contain more than 4000 chemicals, These chemicals are dangerous and cause many physical problems on a person’s health,69 of those chemicals are known to cause cancer, some of the ingredients of a cigarette are horrific: •Benzene (petrol additive) •Formaldehyde (embalming fluid) •Ammonia (toilet cleaner) •Acetone (nail polish) •Tar •Nicotine •Carbon monoxide •Arsenic (rat poison) •Hydrogen Cyanide (Gas chamber poison) All smokers energy levels are depleted because of lack of oxygen in the blood stream. Oxygen levels decrease about 15% when smoking, to be replaced by carbon monoxide.
Pseudomonas aeruginosa: is the prime cause of life threatening burn infections. Gram- bacilli commonly found in the soil, water and an intestinal resident in 10% of normal people. Resistant to quats, soaps, dyes, drugs , drying , and temperature extremes. Frequent contaminant of hot
This organism infects the “gastrointestinal epithelium to produce a diarrhea that is self-limited in immune-competent people but potentially life-threatening in immune-suppressed people” (Magi et. al). Cryptosporidiosis is especially life-threatening in those with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome also known as AIDS. Infection by this parasite accounts for up to 6 percent of all diarrheal diseases in immune-competent people. The infection is also present in up to 24 percent of people with both AIDS and diarrhea
Both disease's have flu-like symptoms such as fever, headaches, weakness, chills, and sore throat. In addition, Ebola and Black Plague, specifically Pneumonic Plague, can be contacted by human to human contact specifically through blood or bodily fluids seeping into broken skin. Once the Ebola virus transmits to humans, it takes two to twenty one days to show the flu-like symptoms. For the Black Plague, specifically the Bubonic and Septicemic plague, it takes about three to seven days to show flu like symptoms. For the Pneumonic plague, symptoms will automatically develop within one to three days after exposure to bacteria.
(1) Definition: Lung inflammation caused by bacterial or viral infection. (2) Pathophysiology: Pneumonia is an excess of fluid in the lungs resulting from an inflammatory process. It is an acute infection of the alveoli. This is a global problem, and the WHO (World Health Organization) suggests that it is the most common cause of death in children and that 1.4 million die each year as a result of pneumonia. Pneumonia may also occur as a complication in hospital settings, secondary to surgery.