Some of these will develop serious brain disorders like Wernicke-Korsakoll Syndrome (WKS). WKS has two separate syndromes. One is short lived and severe called Wernicke’s encephalopathy. The symptoms are mental confusion, paralysis of the nerves that move the eyes and difficult muscular coordination. About eighty to ninety percent of alcoholics with Wernicke’s encephalopathy will develop Korsakoff’s psychosis which is chronic and debilitating.
While very serious, such a reaction usually subsides within hours to days. The stress may be an overwhelming traumatic experience (e.g. accident, battle, physical assault, rape) or a sudden change in the social circumstances of of the individual, such as mourning. Individual vulnerability and coping capacity play a role in the occurrence and severity of an acute stress reaction, as evidenced by the fact that not all people exposed to exceptional stress develop
Diagnostic Protocol Diagnosis: Borderline Personality Disorder is marked by: Unstable and intense relationships Unstable self-image or sense of self Impulsive behaviors that are self damaging Affective instability Dysphoric mood Shortened REM latency and sleep continuity disturbances Abnormal DST results Abnormal thyrotropin releasing hormones Undermining themselves at the moment a goal is about to be realized Psychotic like symptoms during times of stress (The diagnosis of borderline personality disorder can be made by early adulthood when patients show at least 5 of the criteria listed in Table 23-6, below.) Genetics- Some studies of twins and families suggest that personality disorders may be inherited. Environmental factors- Many people with borderline personality disorder have a history of childhood abuse, neglect and separation from caregivers or loved ones. Brain abnormalities- Some research has shown changes in certain areas of the brain involved in emotion regulation, impulsivity and aggression. In addition, certain brain chemicals that help regulate mood, such as serotonin, may not function properly.
Seemingly mundane events may trigger symptoms/signs. For example, people with borderline personality disorder may feel angry and distressed over minor separations, such as vacations, business trips, or sudden changes of plans from people to whom they feel close. People with this disorder also may see anger in an emotionally neutral face and have a stronger reaction to words with negative meanings than people who do nto have te disorder. Borderline personality disorder is often viewed as difficult to treat. It can be treated effectively, and that many people with this illness improve over time.
They are highly unstable emotionally, and develop wide mood swings in response to stressful events. Finally, BPD may be complicated by brief psychotic episodes. Most often, borderline patients present to psychiatrists with repetitive suicidal attempts. We often see these patients in the emergency room, coming in with an overdose or a slashed wrist following a disappointment or a quarrel. Interpersonal relationships in BPD are particularly unstable.
Feeling so hopeless in situations that can get to difficult it sometimes feels almost impossible to deal with them, but when Individuals who have the capacity to gain an accurate and deep intuitive understanding of a person or a thing are able to experience the action or thing that is saving or being saved from a sin, an error or evil. Sometimes it takes a certain situation or problem to occur in life, that makes an individual realize what really matters in life. A man who was completely innocent, offered himself as a sacrifice for the good of others and their loved ones. There is nothing in the world so wonderful as to love and be loved; there is nothing as devastating as losing a loved one. A relationship that has turned sour is very difficult, both emotionally and mentally.
Nina 1 Dementia describes a group of symptoms that are caused by changes in brain function. Dementia symptoms may include asking the same questions repeatedly; becoming lost in familiar places; being unable to follow directions; getting disoriented about time, people, and places; and neglecting personal safety, hygiene, and nutrition. People with dementia lose their abilities at different rates. They are several neurologic disease for which dementia is the major symptom. They are called neurodegenerative disorder simply because they degenerate the nervous system .Alzheimer disease is by far the most common neurodegenerative disorder.The cause of AD are still very unclear.
Alzheimer's disease accounts for 50 to 80 percent of dementia cases. Who? Alzheimer’s disease is an irreversible, progressive brain disease that slowly destroys memory and thinking skills, and eventually even the ability to carry out the simplest tasks. In most people with Alzheimer’s, symptoms first appear after age 60. When?
However in most cases patients with semantic dementia, suddenly begin to show symptoms, such as forgetting words for certain objects that are normally recognisable, difficulty in recognising people they don’t see regularly or simply forgetting the meaning of of words, faces and objects. These patients have no difficulty in remembering plans they made for the following day and what time they made those plans at, but rather semantic dementia is forgetting the meaning of things. In most cases it’s people between the age fifty and sixty five that get affected by semantic dementia, however unlike Alzheimer's disease which only affects elderly people, semantic dementia can affect the younger generation just as much as the older generation. When it comes to personality and behaviour traits, patients with semantic dementia tend to adapt a certain daily routine and become inflexible, which lead me to believe that people with semantic dementia could also show traits of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
Excessive Daytime Sleepiness (EDS), interferes with normal activities on a daily basis, whether or not a person with narcolepsy has sufficient sleep at night. People with EDS often experience mental cloudiness, a lack of energy and concentration, memory lapses, a depressed mood, and possibly extreme exhaustion. Cataplexy consists of a sudden loss of muscle tone that leads to feelings of weakness and a loss of voluntary muscle control. It can cause symptoms ranging from slurred speech to total body collapse, depending on the muscles involved, and is often triggered by intense emotions such as surprise, laughter, or anger. Sleep Paralysis is the temporary inability to move or speak while falling asleep or waking up.