Antebellum Reformation Essay

2181 WordsFeb 2, 20129 Pages
There were many ideas and forces that motivated people to reform American society during the antebellum years. A major event that influenced people was The Second Great Awakening. This event changed people’s perspective on how society should be and the benefits it will undergo if they change. Reforms that took place were anti slavery, temperance, and women’s right movements. The antebellum period was marked by an outbreak of religious revivalism that spread throughout the United States. The Second Great Awakening gave a renewal of interest towards religion. One of the most popular revivalists was Charles G. Finney, he was one of the many reverends who would preach about gospels on circuit routes and set up revivalist camps in rural areas that attracted new converts. Finney spread his “Good Word” for about fifty years to a plethora of people. The people who he converted were often so over come with religion that they would often shake, roll, and yell, these people later were known as the shakers (Hankins. Pg.22) Many people along with the shakers were so passionate about religion that they felt that America needed to change for the better in order to gain spiritual peace. This event made citizens open their eyes and see what has become of society. This led to many people wanting to improve mankind so they started utopian communities. A utopia was based on the social perfectibility. Three major utopian communities were New Harmony, Brook Farm, and Oneida. In Indiana, George Rapp established Harmony with a group of followers known as Harmonist. Harmonist believed that they should practice celibacy and live communally while they waited for the second coming of Christ (Foster. Pg. 11). They lived there for a decade but were unsatisfied with the area, which led Rapp to sell his land to Robert Owens. Owens then established the New Harmony utopian society. He

More about Antebellum Reformation Essay

Open Document