Antebellum Period Economy in the North

310 Words2 Pages
The Northeast was the leader or the Industrial Revolution. There were ground-breaking inventions and produced large amounts of products. The North became more advanced in technology and production, with inventions such as the turret lathe, the precision grinder and the universal milling machine. This developing industry also needed more raw materials and ways to transport them to and from factories which led to macadamized roads, steamboats, and railroad made the flow of goods easier. In the Northwest, consisted of the states Illinois, Indiana, Ohio, and Wisconsin, took over the agricultural part of the economy. It was the leading wheat plantation and cattle raising region in the Nation. This area was the primary supplier of food. The farms had extremely fertile ground for planting and that led to copious amounts of crops. The economy was based on trade and manufacturing. Farming: * Mostly small farms * Labor provided by family members * Slavery was not profitable in this system Industry: * 92% of the nation’s industries were in the North * Produced thread, fabric, shoes, textiles * Goods were made in the factories instead of in the homes. * 75% of the nation’s wealth was in the North. Labor: * The factories required workers, often women called “Mill Girls” * Paid hourly wage * Free labor- no slaves * But the wages were low, hours were long, the working conditions were dangerous and ther was child labor. * In 1850, the Mill Girls were replaced by German and Irish immigrants that were willing to work for lower wage. This made the working class. * Transportation: * The factory goods needed to be moved to the market so canals were built. * Erie canal was linked with the Hudson River with Lake Erie. * Steamboats and railroad played a huge role. * 75% of the Nation’s railroads were in the
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