Anorexia Nervosa Essay

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Anorexia Nervosa Anorexia is an eating disorder characterized by refusal to maintain a healthy body weight and an obsessive fear of gaining weight. It is often reflected with a distorted self image which may be maintained by judgement which alter how the affected individual evaluates and thinks about her or his body, food and eating. People with anorexia nervosa continue to feel hunger, but deny themselves all but very small quantities of food. There are extreme cases of complete self-starvation, it is a serious mental illness with a high incidence of comorbidity and the hightest mortality rate of any psychiatric disorder. Most often has its onset in adolescence and is most prevalent among adolescent girls. Can affect men and women of any age, race, and socioeconomic and cultural background. Anorexia nervosa occurs in females 10 times more than in males. The term anorexia nervosa was established in 1873 by Sir William Gull, one of Queen Victoria's personal physicians. The term is of Greek origin thus meaning a lack of desire to eat, but this is misleading because people with the disorder usually have a strong appetite or even a craving for food that they actively suppress. The disorder is not defined not by whether a person feels hunger but by how much weight he or she has lost. At that point, hunger may disappear completely and the pursuit of thinness becomes a way of life. Starvation causes medical complications of its own, such as thyroid problems, anemia and joint pains. Extreme dieting can lead to death in the most sevre cases, most commonly because of an irregular heartbeat cause by an imbalance of the salts in the bloodstream. In the late histories of anorexia nervosa begins with early descriptions dating from the 16th and 17th centuries and the first recognition and description as a disease in the late 19th century. In the late 19th century, public

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