Annotated Bibliography Essay

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Leo Avian Adderley Student Number:000-007-6469 The College of the Bahamas Subject: History 113 Lecturer: Dr. Katherine Smith Annotated Bibliography: The Liberated Africans - Emancipation and “Over the Hill” Topic: The Liberated Africans – Emancipation and “Over the Hill” Saunders, Gail. “Bahamian Society after Emancipation.” Kingston: Ian Randle, 1994. Book In this article Dr. Gail Saunders critically examines the transition of Emancipation for the Liberated Africans who came to the Bahamas as free men and women unknown to Slavery but were apprenticed to white slave owners. Dr. Saunders strategically and theoretically explores the peaceful transition after a four year period of apprenticeship. The Emancipation Act of 1838 granted the now former slave’s freedom with many limitations. “They enjoyed freedom from punishment, freedom to leave the abodes and plantations of their former masters and cultivate their own land and freedom to choose the type of work they wished. However, Dr. Saunders makes it clear that socially, politically and economically, the former slave masters despite the fact some of them also being poor still exercised and demonstrated power over the former slaves. According to Historian and Geographer David Lowenthal, Emancipation thickened racial prejudice. Color became more relevant while the colored and the blacks wanted a sense of belonging but the whites wanted both colored and blacks to remain compliant. She continues to explore how Emancipation for the people “Over the Hill”, areas namely Grants Town, Bain Town and a part of Delancey Town, granted the liberated Africans the advantage of becoming land owners. The ex-slaves of “Over the Hill” were very poor and remained dependent upon a livelihood from the white merchants being employed as
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