Ann Hopkins Essay

2599 WordsDec 10, 201311 Pages
Wage and Control Guidelines Monica L.L. Davids Webster University ABSTRACT Wage and hour law refers to the body of laws that establishes and regulates wage standards, including, but not limited to, minimum wage and overtime. The Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) sets the majority of wage and hour law at the federal level. Other factors, however, control minimum wage as well. The IRS, for example, sets the parameters for when an individual working for tips can work for less than the federal standard minimum wage. Many states and some cities have wage and hour laws as well. These laws govern issues such as minimum wage, overtime, and meal breaks. The governing bodies in several urban areas throughout the country have voted to create a “living wage” on top of the FLSA and state standards. In all cases, regardless of if its minimum wage law, overtime compensation and acts amending FLSA, all parties involved should have a clear understanding of employee rights and ensure both parties are protected. This article will discuss development of our current wage guidelines and policies. Wage and Control Guidelines The public outcry over the minimum wage and working conditions in turn-of-the century sweatshops led to the first minimum wages in the United States. Several states beginning with Massachusetts in 1912 regulated minimum wages, maximum hours, and working conditions for women and minors. A national minimum wage was created in 1938 when President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA). Initially set at 25 cents per hour, the wage floor applied to industries engaged in interstate commerce and covered about one-fifth of the labor force. The FLSA also required overtime pay and set restrictions on child labor. It is believed that price controls and the FLSA were used in an attempt to control inflation during wartime. During World
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