B. Meaning – The British Royal Society argues that almost every medical achievement in the 20th century relied on the use of animals in some way (Gershoff, 2009). If the use of animals in experimentation is eliminated, there are many risks in the future for humans and nonhumans. “Those who oppose the use of animals say that alternate scientific methods can achieve the same or better results” (Gershoff, 2009, p. 3). Other methods of investigation provide useful information and the search for changes to animal experimentation is a main concern at the National Institutes of Health and medical research organizations all over the world.
Animals are a very unreliable way of testing whether something is safe or not, and there are other options available to researchers. Using blood from human volunteers to test for the presence of fever-causing contaminants in intravenous medicines can save hundreds of thousands of rabbits each year from traditional "pyrogen" tests. EpiSkin, EpiDerm and SkinEthic—each composed of artificial human skin—can save rabbits from painful skin corrosion and irritation tests. The Bovine Corneal Opacity and Permeability Test and Isolated Chicken Eye Test are techniques that use eyes from animals slaughtered for the meat industry instead of live rabbits to detect chemicals and products that are severely irritating to the eyes. The Reduced Local Lymph Node Assay for skin allergy testing makes it possible to reduce live animal usage by up to 75 percent compared with traditional guinea pig and mouse tests.
Let me start by telling you a little about animal rights. This is a movement that intends to protect all animals from being exploited and abused by humans. Do you know how many animals’ rights are violated each year? According to a 2002 study by the United States Drug Administration, about 1.5 million animals including dogs, cats, primates, sheep, guinea pigs, hamsters, pigs, rabbits, etc. were used for testing in that year alone.
Just to protect their coveted treasure or expand it. They even made a fellow founder the common enemy. Every time that a commandment was broken the commandment was changed as to not reflect the error. By the end of the novel it had changed from those seven to a single one: All animals are equal, but some are more equal than others. This transformation from dictatorship to ‘Animalism’ was then a full circle transformation back to a dictatorship, but with a different leading party.
Animal Liberation By: Peter Singer “Animal Liberation” is a novel highlighting the ignorance of people about what animals go through in order to fulfill whatever humans need. Whether it is meals or experimentation, millions of animals suffer each year. The author really goes the extra mile to try to make the reader see his point of view by being descriptive in his explanations of the types of pain animals feel. For example, Bunnies are used to test products for eye irritation by placing them in a chamber with only their heads exposed and dropping the product into their eyes. The eyes of the bunnies often become irritated, infected, and even blind.
According to Mayra Calvani in her journal in World Society for the Protection of Animals (WSPA) mentioned that in Latin America and Europe, around 250,000 bulls die per year due to tortured and killed for entertainment purpose especially in bullfighting. (M.Calvani, 2008)². This shows that, keeping animals for entertainment purposes promotes animal abuse. Secondly, captivity also takes away animals’ freedom. Many of wild animals cannot cope with situation that they are taken from their natural habitats and placed in captivity.
It is definitely remarkable that countless “terminal” illnesses were treated because of researches involving animal testing. People escaped death from diseases such as tuberculosis, cholera, and so on within a short period of time. Millions have been saved and the credit goes to animal testing. The general public holds negative opinion towards animal research even if they realise the benefits of it. Many develop this attitude because of the photos of rats and dogs in terrible status which are all over the Internet.
In the 1860s chāmpo no longer meant head massage but applying soap to hair. During the early stages of the development of shampoo people boiled water and soap and added herbs to give the hair shine and fragrance. Most modern day people use 'modern shampoo'. Modern shampoo was first introduced by Drene, a shampoo brand, the first shampoo to use synthetic surfactants. Synthetic surfactants are the active ingredients in shampoo.
Government figures show that three million animals per year in the UK alone are poisoned, surgically injured, driven insane, burned, irradiated, starved, electrocuted, kept in solitary confinement and eventually killed all in the name of research, in experiments that most people would find hard to even imagine. Indeed, the torture that laboratory animals are subjected to would be illegal under any other premise. Yet the military, pharmaceutical industry, universities, private research groups, charitable organisations and energy companies continue to carry out these daily atrocities with government and public support. In a nation of animal lovers, it is difficult to accept that were the public actually aware of the systematic and brutal conduct that these animals are subjected to, they would still be indifferent to or in favour of vivisection. Unfortunately though, the cruelty and suffering that is so rife in laboratories is always hidden from public
This idea of testing on animals has been around for thousands of years, but it has only been implemented for the past seventy years. Currently, animal testing is practiced in research facilities all over the world. It is being done to help contribute towards new medical advances. Animal Activists, however, want it to be stopped immediately because they claim it to be cruel and/or painful to the animals being tested on, but medical researchers argue against that, saying it must be continued for the sake of humanity. Although Animal Activists claim it's cruel and painful, the truth is that animal testing should be continued because rules are in place, it benefits mankind, and ensures public safety.