The general themes of oppression, suffering, and injustice have broad applications for those that watch the film. In the beginning of the movie, the oldest, wisest, pig on the farm, Old Major, is giving a speech to the animals encouraging them that they must overthrow the farmer, Mr. Jones, who rules the farm as a monarch. He s a cruel, alcoholic owner that is irresponsible to his animals (lets them starve), sometimes beats them, and yet sometimes is kind. In his speech, Old Major reveals his feelings about Mr. Jones implying that he is man that consumes but does not produce or give back to those that occupy the farm. A monarchy is political system in which supreme authority is given to an individual ruler who functions as the decision maker for all in the society.
The animals were being underfed so they were forced to break into the store house and eat the food in there. Mr Jones and his farmers started whipping the animals but the animals fought back. This caused the farmers to flee and this was the revolution. They preserved Mr Jones’ house as a museum and made seven commandants which they should follow. The pigs were the cleverest of the animals so they took the leadership role which is against animalism as animals should be equal.
2. Pgs.16-24 Page: 21 para: 1 "All the animals capered with joy when they saw the whips going in flames" This quote reflects the first act of the animals plan if freedom. The animals burned, and tossed everything that reminded them of Mr. Jones down a well. Page: 24 para: 1 "...painted out MANOR FARM from the top bar of the gate and in its place painted ANIMAL FARM." The quote represents the freedom the animals have.
Orwell’s fictional farm finds itself following almost parallel to communistic Russia. Orwell demonstrates the theme of an unaware, uneducated working class and its danger when accompanied by corrupt opportunists seeking power within his animalistic dystopia. Once the animals secured their control of the farm, many thought little of what it meant for the future, but of the few that did, they were able to sneak their way into power. The pigs quickly appointed themselves leaders and none of the other animals knew any better than to question their haste. The oligarchy of pigs abused their fellow farm animal’s trust from the very beginning.
Orwell cleverly satirises the corruption and greed of Stalin’s supposed ‘classless’ society of the 20th century through allegorical characterisation of seemingly facile, farm animals. Signifying the beginning of the revolution, “Animalism”, Old Major advocates the initial utopian ideals paralleling that of Karl Marx’s Communist Manifesto. Propagating the notion of a classless society. He calls the animals to a meeting where adopting a sincere and uplifting tone proclaims that “Man is the only real enemy” of the animals and if they were to “remove man from the scene… the root cause of hunger and overwork” would vanish. He outlines the founding idealistic principles of Animalism, “ Let there be perfect unity, perfect comradeship in the struggle.
It takes courage to earn power to become a leader. George Orwell’s purpose in Animal Farm is that cleverer ones are the one with power but can always start to become greedier and greedier which would build to corruption. But it is you giving enabling someone to control you such as Old Major’s speech. “We are born, we are given just so much food as will keep the breath in our bodies, and those of us who are capable of it are forced to work to the last atom of our strength; and the very instant that our usefulness has come to an end we are slaughtered with hideous cruelty (Orwell 3).” What this quote points out is that you are the one who has power over everything and when you are ‘slaughtered with hideous cruelty’ it is you giving others the power to control you. Since the pigs were the ‘brainworkers’, they start to gain more and more power subsequently through leadership which then corrupts them.
WHAT DO WE LEARN FROM THE NOVEL ABOUT LIFE? Many individuals in society use power and injustice to gain control and dominion over others. This problem can be clearly seen in George Orwell’s novel Animal Farm. Orwell conveys universal ideas such as power, social class conflicts and exploitation which reinforces the important message regarding humanity’s selfish nature. Many people abuse power and instead use it for personal benefits.
Looking at this poem, explains to us the nature of how humans have been acting towards animals, and the cruelty done by us which is making them powerless. Concepts of power and powerlessness involved in many other poems, including Henry Longfellow’s; Slaves
However, as the animals waited for a foretold reincarnation of the world without man their chance arouse by force. Because of the conditions that were in place the animals rebelled. “…the animals had chased Jones and his men out…and the Manor farm was theirs”(Orwell 29). Because of the actions of the animals the farm had been successfully cleared of humans and was now to be used for purposes of a greater good for all animals. In the world today many revolutions and rebellions have occurred in the effort to establish a greater union.
The discourse of power and control is evident in George Orwell’s novel ‘Animal Farm’, through the character representations of the pigs, in particular, the totalitarian dictator, Napoleon. The basic principle of the revolution, ‘all animals are equal’ is slowly transformed into ‘some animals are more equal than others’ through the strategies of Napoleon and the pigs in order to gain and maintain their power and control over the other animals. These strategies include establishing a power base, using terror and propaganda and living a life of luxury at the expense of others. However, strategies such as these would not be able to be implemented if it were not for the naivety and gullibility of the other animals. Orwell positions the reader to see the effects of a dictatorship especially how it can control a whole society.