At this time in history Scandinavia (major setting of the poem) is pagan. Literary scholars have been trying to answer the question of why the poem has Christian elements in it. There have been many answers to this question. I believe that the Christian elements found in Beowulf are the result of the writer having to make the characters in the poem and the generality of the poem acceptable to a pagan/Christian society in which he lived and the fact that oral poems can be modified. The story of Beowulf is pagan.
Beowulf was based contained the pagan beliefs because it was the religion of the people at that time. As new events happened a new religion came, Christianity. The person who wrote Beowulf down was a strong follower of Christianity; therefore they incorporated their religion into the story. While many pagan influences appear in the epic poem Christian dominates. The character such as Grendel, the dragon, even Beowulf himself exhibit behavior and traits that are of Christian values.
Islam also exemplifies the non-Islamic religious and pagan influences that have been intertwined with the religion. Judaism is the largest theological contributor to Islam, followed by Christianity, and then by numerous pagan religions (Hameed). The Kaba, Islam’s most holy worship shrine is an example of how Islamic theology is rooted in numerous pagan beliefs. Previously to
In Christian Europe there was a fuedelism government which means that the king is on top and then the other officials underneath him. In the Arabian Lands their government was based more upon caliphs and religious leaders. The factor that their governments have in common., although seemingly there are none, is that both of their governments are based on religion. During the time period 400-1200 religion influenced everything including government. Religious beliefs during the 400’s till the 1200’s in different regions were extremely different, but some of the views when looked into come from the same belief.
Figures from medieval Irish mythology have also been adduced by comparative mythology, interpreted as euhemerized versions of pre-Christian Insular deities. The most salient feature of Celtic religion as reflected in Roman historiography is their extensive practice of human sacrifice. According to Greek and Roman accounts, in Gaul, Britain and Ireland, there was a priestly caste of "magico-religious specialists" known as the druids, although very little is definitely known about them. Following the Roman Empire's conquest of Gaul (58–51 BCE) and southern Britannia (43 CE), Celtic religious practices began to display elements of Romanisation, resulting in a syncretic Gallo-Roman culture with its own religious traditions with its own large set of deities, such as Cernunnos, Artio, Telesphorus, etc.In the later 5th and the 6th centuries, Christianity became the dominant faith in the Celtic area, supplanting earlier religious traditions. However, it left a legacy in many of the Celtic nations, influencing later
The beginnings of Arthur as king are an interesting juxtaposition of pagan symbolism and Christian allegory. His removal of Excalibur from the stone reflects heavily on the pagan practice of icon worship, with the sword seen as the ultimate source of magical powers and associated with sovereignty of Great Britain. It is also in this scene of the movie, or excerpt of the legend, that the viewer or reader is simultaneously presented with the idea of Arthur as the “Chosen One”, an almost Christ-like figure with humble beginnings who is destined to be an important part of his world. Just as God had chosen Jesus Christ to spread his good news in the New Testament, to be the dynamic change that brought controversy and contradiction to the Jewish people, it seems there is an external source of power that has deemed Arthur the fated leader of his people; the king that, following the corruption and controversy of his father’s rule, will bring peace and glory to the people of his kingdom. In ascending to the throne, Arthur builds Camelot, his prized castle and fantastic
Zoroastrianism was considered a dualistic religion as it had to do with the fight between Spenta Mainyu and Angra Mainyu. This is very similar to the concept of Christianity in the battle between God and Satan or good and evil. The basis of the dilemma between good and evil in Christianity and Zoroastrianism are similar as well. In Christianity the contention between God and Satan is supposed to have began after Lucifer was expelled from Heaven after disobeying God, leading to the fight between both. In Ahura Mazda, the contention between Spenta Mainyu and Angra Mainyu developed because Angra Mainyu wanted to have control over everything.
My criteria to determine Earth as religious or non-religious will be collectively individuals believe in Christianity, Islam, and Hindu. Christianity is the largest with 2.1 billion individuals which include: Catholic, Protestant, Eastern Orthodox, Pentecostal, Latter-day Saints, Jehovah’s Witnesses, Quakers, etc. Christianity was founded by Jesus Christ in c.30 AD,Isreal. This religion is monotheistic worshipping one God that consist of a Trinity of Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. Christians follow the teaching of The
The belief existed for centuries, and after the arrival of Christianity, became the backbone of the peoples' belief. For generations after the introduction of Orthodox Christianity, people still believed in their pagan rituals as a method of ensuring success in wealth and agriculture, using Christianity as a way to salvation. To this day, the mythology exists and serves as the connection to Earth for many Slavic people. Slavic mythology was first practiced in the Slavonic tribes that existed as early as the first and second centuries. There are very little, written accounts of Slavic mythology and references found to the Slavic pagans were written by the Christian missionaries and were not very accurate.
Christianity in Nubia: The Impact of Peace and Trade A Paper Presented to Dr. Timothy McAlhaney Liberty Baptist Theological Seminary & Graduate School Lynchburg, VA In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for History of Christianity I CHHI 520 By Jayne Marie Wick L24745527 March 4, 2012 CONTENTS THESIS STATEMENT 1 INTRODUCTION 1 KUSH 15th CENTURY BC TO AD 4th CENTURY 1 NUBIA’S CONVERSION TO CHRISTIANITY 3 TRADE RELATIONS IN NUBIA 5 THE SPREAD OF ISLAM AND REMNANTS OF CHRISTIANITY 9 CONCLUSION 11 BIBLIOGRAPHY 13 THESIS STATEMENT Christianity survived in Nubia for over 1000 years as a direct result of the strong tradition of peace and trade among the Nubian people. INTRODUCTION Nubia was a strong civilization for thousands of years. During the reign of the pharaohs, Nubia was known as Kush (or Cush). It was able to establish a unique identity despite frequent attempts by Egyptians, Arabs, and Muslims to infiltrate and control the territory. During the time it was a Christian civilization, its ability to maintain a peaceful culture fostered its strength in trading, and vis-à-vis, which minimized threats from foreigners until the 13th century.